Additionally, the use of undisturbed soil samples to perform solute
transport test and determine sorption isotherm have not been identified in the literature, and are also presented in this work.
where Vc and Tc are the critical molar volume and the critical temperature of the solute
, respectively, and n is the number of carbon atoms in the solute
Similar to non-Darcian flow, the solute
transport may not follow Fick's law, such as scale-dependent spreading, early arrivals, and long tails, which are often named non-Fickian or anomalous transport.
A complementary approach that can be used is to see how the retention of a solute
or group of solutes
is altered as a change is made in the structure of a binding agent in an affinity column.
where A denotes sodium saccharin (solute
) and B denotes fructose (co-solute).
In the vicinity of an edge dislocation, solute
normalized hydrogen concentration was reduced to half of its initial value with the aid of hydrogen induced relaxation stress.
In block freeze concentration, a liquid sample is frozen and by means of thawing highly concentrated solutes
is obtained, using some assisted techniques to improve the process [13, 14].
Pediasure which has a high renal solute
load was added to the regimen at 11 months of age which led to an episode of hypernatremia (serum Na 162 mmol/L).
Insufficient water intake in a diet with high renal solute
load and further renal impairment due to enalapril treatment consequently resulted in an acute polyuric renal failure with severe hypernatremic dehydration.
The transport parameters relative to Pe, R and D were obtained using the computational program Disp (Borges Junior & Ferreira, 2006), which fits the transport parameters comparing the experimental values of the solute
concentration with those simulated using the solution of the differential equation of transport of solutes
in the soil.
It would seem as if the self-association of solvents is the reason for a high activity coefficient of gas solute
. Affinity between components cause an opposite effect.
The breakthrough experiments were conducted as an impulse response by spreading a solution of solute
, instantaneously and uniformly, as a pulse while maintaining a steady water flow over the surface of the experimental soils in the columns.