Special

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special

adj. referring to a particular purpose, person or happening. In law these include hearings, proceedings, administrator, master, orders and so forth.

DAMAGES, SPECIAL, torts. Special damages are such as are in fact sustained, and are not implied by law; these are either superadded to general damages, arising from an act injurious in itself, as when some particular loss arises. from the uttering of slanderous words, actionable in themselves, or are such as arise from an act indifferent and not actionable in itself, but injurious only in its consequences, as when the words become actionable only by reason of special damage ensuing. To constitute special damage the legal and natural consequence must arise from the tort, and not be a mere wrongful act of a third person, or a remote consequence. 1 Camp. 58; Ham. N. P. 40; 1 Chit. Pl. 385, 6.

DAMAGES, SPECIAL, pleading. As distinguished from the gist of the action, signify that special damage which is stated to result from the gist; as, if a plaintiff in an action of trespass for breaking his close, entering his house, and tossing his goods about, were to state that by means of the damage done to his house, he was obliged to seek lodging elsewhere.
     2. Sometimes the special damage is said to constitute the gist of the action itself; for example, in an action wherein the plaintiff declares for slanderous words, which of themselves are not a sufficient ground or foundation for the suit, if any particular damage result to the plaintiff from the speaking of them, that damage is properly said to be the gist of the action.
     3. But whether special damage be the gist of the action, or only collateral to it, it must be particularly stated in the declaration, as the plaintiff will not otherwise be permitted to go into evidence of it at the trial, because the defendant cannot also be prepared to answer it. Willes, 23. See Gist.

PLEADING, SPECIAL. By special pleading is meant the allegation of special or new matter, as distinguished from a direct denial of matter previously alleged on the opposite side. Gould on Pl. c. 1, s. 18.

SPECIAL. That which relates to a particular species or kind, opposed to general; as special verdict and general verdict; special imparlance and general imparlance; special jury, or one selected for a particular case, and general jury; special issue and general issue, &c.

References in periodicals archive ?
But what should explain this normative specialness of my caring attitude for me?
One way retailers could communicate the specialness of premium own-brand products via packaging is by tying into some current premium packaging trends.
Our specialness on the motorway extends to so many areas that we even amaze ourselves.
Their specialness is the very core of their identity.
If all this sounds a bit cliched, then readers of contemporary supernatural literature will not be shocked to find out that Dez's first stop after discovering her nature is a school for otherkin, where her aura of specialness brings her under the suspicions and jealousies of her classmates.
In your quest to be special, to communicate lots of nice things about yourself, you lose your specialness completely.
And, if all goes as it should, our country will take on a fresh coat of specialness and interest, from you and your travel companions seeing a small part of it.
After a difficult year, this particular season of goodwill will carry an air of extra specialness about it for the family.
You're unique and you'll succeed when you let your specialness come out to play.
He has made no secret of his desire to return to the Premier League, or of his Specialness.
We'd quite like our sport to be better funded and better respected, for AP McCoy to be Sports Personality of the Year and the Archbishop of Canterbury to own a leg in one with David Evans, but not if it means we suddenly have to become all mainstream and lose our specialness.
I presume it is a North American phenomenon in the Church to celebrate, nay, obsess over, our specialness. It strikes me that the Church in other parts of the globe tends to be more concerned with strange things like catechesis and evangelization.

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