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Such studies are of different extent and can discuss, for example, the intentional re-use of spolia in new buildings in some time period (Papalexandrou 2003), the re-use of old tombs as later dwelling places (Blake 2003) or conversely (Meskell 2003, 51 f.
The present book considers spolia from the medieval period into the nineteenth century, when mass tourism began (p.
et Caupo cum quibusdam Theuthonicis et aliis sequens in Saccalam, villas multas et castra Owele et Purke incendit et tollens spolia multa viros multos occidit et mulieres cum parvulis captivos abducit.
Salmacida Spolia, 1641, in Stephen Orgel and Roy Strong, Inigo Jones: The Theatre of the Stuart Court (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973) 2:730-62.
Perhaps no issue in the art-historical literature on the cross-cultural encounter of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries is more contentious than the use of spolia from Hindu temples in the construction of mosques, and this is the topic of the longest chapter in the book, chapter five, "Remaking Monuments" (pp.
Among specific topics are the syntax of spolia in Byzantine Thessalonike, Armenia and the borders of medieval art, examples from northern Greece of life in a late Byzantine tower, imperial and aristocratic funerary panel portraits in the middle and late Byzantine periods, and interpreting medieval architecture through renovations.
Charlemagne robbed the city's buildings for their symbolically potent spolia and the priest Agnellus wrote the city's last great early medieval text, the Liber pontificalis ecclesiae Ravennatis, a chronicle of the city's past greatness embodied in its buildings.
In the search for a vernacular of belief, the re-use of materials, the home-grown solution of spolia, posed the potential rehabilitation of the human body.
I argue that it is the deliberate imitation of spolia and the irregular appearance of the palimpsest that gives the Garbatella its unique regional identity.
et tandem denique devorato pudore ad Milonem aio: 'ferat suam Diophanes ille fortunam et spolia populorum rursum conferat mari pariter ac terrae; mihi vero fatigationis hesternae etiam nunc saucio da veniam maturius concedam cubitum.
We can compare it with IE *pel- 'animal skin, hide; cloth; wrap' (Wat 63), in IEW 803 *pel-no < IEW 985-986 *(s)p(h)el- 'tear off, M-A 268-9: *peln-, B-K 60: *p[h]al- / *p[hlel- : especially Lat pellis 'animal skin, hide', ON fjall 'skin', OEng fell 'animal skin, hide; pelt', OHG fel 'same', OPrus pleynis 'meninges', Lith plene 'film (on milk); scab', Lett plene 'membrane', Russ plena 'felt', Gk pelloraphes 'sewing skins together', Gk spolia 'fine wool plucked from the legs of sheep', and further OEng filmen 'film, membrane, foreskin', Gk pelma 'sole of the foot', Russ pleva'membrane', also Lat spolium '(animal) skin, hide', (< *(s)pel- 'tear off) (according to M-A, widespread, though not universal, in late PIE).
The last masque, Salmacidia Spolia, in which the queen and her ladies appear as a band of Amazons, may hint at a more militant attitude.