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Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad cow disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder in cattle that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord.
A PATIENT GAVE BIRTH to a child who had Canavan disease, a neurologic disorder characterized by spongy degeneration of the central nervous system, with death often occurring by 4 years.
Like Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), vCJD is classified as a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) because it causes a characteristic spongy degeneration of the brain that can be transmitted.