miscarriage

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Related to spontaneous abortion: induced abortion, missed abortion

miscarriage

noun abortion, abortive attempt, abortive effort, bad behavior, breakdown, cadere, collapse, default, defeat, disappointment, downfall, failure, fiasco, frustration, futile effort, hopeless failure, ineffectiveness, innffectual attempt, loss, lost labor, misadventure, mischance, misconduct, misfire, mistake, negative reeult, noncompletion, nonfulfillment, nonperformance, overthrow, parum procedere, perdition, rout, ruin, secus procedere, stoppage, successlessness, total loss, unlawful act, unproductivity, vain attempt, vain effort
Associated concepts: miscarriage of justice
See also: accident, disaster, failure, misfortune

MISCARRIAGE, med. jurisp. By this word is technically understood the expulsion of the ovum or embryo from the uterus within the first six weeks after conception; between that time and before the expiration of the sixth month, when the child may possibly live, it is termed abortion. When the delivery takes place soon after the sixth month, it is denominated premature labor. But the criminal act of destroying the foetus at any time before birth, is termed in law, procuring miscarriage. Chit. Med. Jur. 410; 2 Dunglison's Human Physiology, 364. Vide Abortion; Foetus.

MISCARRIAGE, contracts, torts. By the English statute of frauds, 29, C. II., c. 3, s. 4, it is enacted that "no action shall be brought to charge the defendant upon any special promise to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another person, unless the agreement," &c. "shall be in writing," &c. The word miscarriage, in this statute comprehends that species of wrongful act, for the consequences of which the law would make the party civilly responsible. The wrongful riding the horse of another, without his leave or license, and thereby causing his death, is clearly an act for which the party is responsible in damages, and therefore, falls within the meaning of the word miscarriage. 2 Barn. & Ald. 516; Burge on Sur. 21.

References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, participants ranked a list of individuals (eg, significant other, friend, physician) who provided them with support after their miscarriage and answered questions specifically related to the spontaneous abortion that have been examined in prior literature.
Finally, the authors, understandably, were unable to control for all the myriad factors that may increase the risk for spontaneous abortion.
Relationship between the endocervical mycoplasma infection and spontaneous abortion due to early embryonic death (In Chinese).
2 Due to its high frequency and identification of a small potential for prevention, spontaneous abortion has significant impact on public health.
30 Moreover, results from a cohort study indicated higher incidence of spontaneous abortions among patients with insulin resistance.
Primary outcomes were rates of spontaneous abortion (loss before 22 weeks) and stillbirth (loss after 23 weeks).
In adjusted analyses, natalizumab exposure was still associated with an elevated risk of spontaneous abortion when compared with interferon-beta or no exposure (odds ratio, 3.
Totally, 109 women with spontaneous abortion were selected with gestational age between 10-20 weeks (cases), and 109 women with normal pregnancy with gestational age between 20-30 weeks (controls).
Only 81 samples from the 100 women with spontaneous abortion examined from June 2008 to May 2009 were used.
Past history of spontaneous abortion was also found to be significant.
There were 10 reports on spontaneous abortion, 14 on stillbirth, 3 on preterm delivery, 6 on birth weight, 5 on neonatal mortality, and 7 on infant mortality.
To date, rigorous studies evaluating whether treatment with antidepressants during pregnancy increases the risk of spontaneous abortion have been relatively sparse.