standard of proof


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standard of proof

in criminal cases this denotes BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT; in civil cases, the BALANCE OF PROBABILITIES.
References in periodicals archive ?
The second is the standard of proof and could, in principle, be answered in different ways--beyond a reasonable doubt, on a balance of probabilities, whatever.
In reversing on unrelated grounds, the Fourth Circuit did not mention the IRS's requisite standard of proof for willfulness.
It is according to this standard of proof that the Court reaches the conclusion that material acts falling within article II of the Genocide Convention had been committed (44).
The PAPE Project--Proof to a Preponderance of the Evidence--is a coalition led by the Georgia Council on Developmental Disabilities, Georgians for Alternatives to the Death Penalty, and Georgia Catholics Against the Death Penalty The coalition is advocating during the 2016 legislative session to change the standard of proof to the "preponderance of the evidence" level.
The standard of proof often finds expression in terms drawn from traditional probability theory.
In short I do not know on the evidence, and to the relevant standard of proof, what happened in the corridor leading to the stairway in those few seconds after the batsmen and fielding side came in for lunch.
Since noting the Securities and Exchange Commission's near-perfect record in insider trading cases since the turn of the century, the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals has begun requiring a higher standard of proof in these cases since April 2014.
3) In this trilogy of decisions, the Court considered, among other things, whether defendants in price-fixing and other class actions are entitled to invoke the "passing-on" defense, whether indirect purchasers have a cause of action at law, jurisdictional issues, the appropriate standard of proof for certification under provincial class proceedings legislation, and whether aggregate damages provisions in such legislation can be used to establish liability.
Depending on the product group are first sample tests (type tests), test reports or standard of proof submitted by ED drawings.
The burden of proof and the standard of proof applicable in proceedings in the State Administrative Tribunal (SAT) are often the subject of uncertainty to those who appear in SAT.
Among the topics are basic concepts, burden and standard of proof, hearsay, confessions and ill-gotten evidence, character evidence, the course of testimony, and privilege and public policy.

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