separation

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Separation

A termination of Cohabitation of Husband and Wife either by mutual agreement or, in the case of judicial separation, under the decree of a court.

Cross-references

Divorce.

separation

n. married persons living apart, either informally by one leaving the home or agreeing to "separate" while sharing a residence without sexual relations, or formally by obtaining a "legal separation" or negotiating a "separation agreement" setting out the terms of separate living. (See: separation agreement, legal separation)

separation

noun alienation, breach, break, detachment, disassociation, disiunctio, disseverance, dissociation, dissolution, dissolution of marriage, disunion, division, divorce, divorcement, estrangement, legal dissooution of marriage, parting, rending, rupture, separatio, split, tearing, termination of marital cooabitation, uncoupling
Associated concepts: judgment of separation, judicial sepaaation, just cause for separation, legal separation, separation agreement, separation by consent, separation decree, seppration of powers, separation order, voluntary separation
See also: alienation, choice, decentralization, dichotomy, differentiation, disassociation, discrimination, dissolution, diversification, division, estrangement, evulsion, exception, exclusion, expulsion, hiatus, liberation, ostracism, privacy, quarantine, removal, rift, schism, section, selection, severance, split, subdivision

separation

in family law in both England and Scotland, a court order ordaining and permitting the parties to live apart. A form of divorce by way of separation that does not, however, free the parties from the bonds of marriage. In terms it allows parties to live separately at bed and board or a mensa et thoro. In England, before the Matrimonial Causes Act 1857, a decree in these terms from the ecclesiastical courts was equivalent to a decree of judicial separation. In Scotland, prior to the Reformation, this was the only form of divorce known. Presently, the grounds are the same as those required to show IRRETRIEVABLE BREAKDOWN in divorce. The courts have the same powers in relation to financial orders and children as they do when making a decree of divorce. Judicial separation does not actually terminate the marriage and is therefore an appropriate course to take if there are religious objections to divorce or if the parties have not finally agreed to divorce. The term separation is also used more loosely to describe the situation arising when parties agree to live apart - frequently under the terms of a legally binding agreement (a separation agreement) that provides for the payment of money and the welfare of children. The term is used non-technically to describe people who are de facto living apart.

SEPARATION, contracts. When the husband and wife agree to live apart they are said to have made a separation.
     2. Contracts of this kind are generally made by the husband for himself and by the wife with trustees. 4 Paige's R. 516; 3 Paige's R. 483; 5 Bligh, N. S. 339; 1 Dow & Clark, 519. This contract does not affect the marriage, and the parties may, at any time agree to live together as husband and wife. The husband who has agreed to a total separation cannot bring an action for criminal conversation with the wife. Roper, Hush. and Wife, passim; 4 Vin. Ab. 173; 2 Stark. Ev. 698; Shelf. on Mar. & Div. ch. 6, p. 608.
     3. Reconciliation after separation supersedes special articles of separation in courts of law and equity. 1 Dowl. P. C. 245; 2 Cox, R. 105; 3 Bro. C. C. 619, n.; 11 Ves. 532. Public policy forbids that parties should be permitted to make agreements for themselves to hold good whenever they choose to live separate. 5 Bligh, N. S. 367, 375; and see 1 Carr. & P. 36. See 5 Bligh, N. S. 339; 2 Dowl. P. C. 332; 2 C. & M. 388; 3 John. Ch. R. 521; 2 Sim. & Stu. 372; 1 Edw. R. 380; Desaus. R. 45, 198; 1 Y. & C. 28; 11 Ves. 526; 2 East, R. 283; 8 N. H. Rep. 350; 1 Hoff. R. 1.

References in periodicals archive ?
It has long been known that stereo separation is decreased when each ear hears the sound from both speakers.
Measurements are conducted quickly, as a five-point frequency response plus THD+N, stereo separation, and stereo phase test is typically conducted in less than 15 seconds, including inquiry and connect time.
The soundstaging and stereo separation is also much better than what one would expect from speakers in this price range.
Second, the Steradian incorporates circuitry that works to increase stereo separation at lower frequencies.
In smaller-sized stereo products such as iPods[R] and MP3 docking stations, speakers are very close together, minimizing the listener's ability to hear good stereo separation.
Nor is there a tremendously wide stereo separation, but, rather, the natural spread of a actual orchestra set back a short distance behind one's speakers, slightly elevated, in a conventional quarter circle.
CSR's Stereo SDK supports DSP-based music enhancements including 3D stereo separation, five-band equaliser and dynamic range control to improve the end user music listening experience.
A semitransparent mirror is positioned at a bisecting angle between the two monitors that, when combined with polarizing glasses, generates the stereo separation.