, African lions, Lahore zoo, Safari zoo Lahore, Panthera leo.
Other studies discussed that areas with fences, through which felids can see conspecifics, other animals, or humans, were associated with increased stereotypic behavior
Criteria for participation consisted of (a) 3 to 5 years old, (b) eligibility of significant developmental delay, (c) attend same special education preschool class, and (d) demonstrate off-task or stereotypic behaviors
. This study received institutional review board approval, and participants were recruited based on these criteria.
Because of the competition between locomotor activity and stereotypic behaviors
, we may infer that locomotion is not the only behavior directly related to the magnitude of the response to the cocaine challenge in the sensitized rats.
Children who are visually impaired (that is, those who are blind or have low vision) commonly engage in stereotypic behaviors
such as rocking and repetitive hand movements to gain sensory stimulation produced by the behavior (Gourgey, 1998; Rapp, 2004; Warren, 1984).
After apomorphine administration, the rats were immediately placed back into the metal cages and observed for stereotypic behavior
. Signs of stereotypy, which include mainly sniffing and gnawing, were observed and scored as follows: absence of stereotypy (0), occasional sniffing (1), occasional sniffing with occasional gnawing (2), frequent gnawing (3), intense continuous gnawing (4), and intense gnawing and staying on the same spot (5).
He also frequently engaged in stereotypic behavior
that consisted of shaking objects, primarily string, in front of his face.
According to this paradigm, one of two things happens: 1) SIB that is initially nonsocially reinforced will come under control of social reinforcement or 2) social reinforcement mediates the transition from stereotypic behavior
to SIB (Oliver, Hall & Murphy, 2005; Richman & Lindauer, 2005).
The study also showed that the majority of circus animals display abnormal, stereotypic behavior
Pressures on students from peers, from popular culture, and even from many adults around them all define gender stereotypic behavior
as normal, expected, and successful.
embargo of Nicaragua, which we can take either as evidence of a determination to reject any stereotypic view of the United States as bloat nation grinding its opponent into the dust, or conversely as acceptance of the stereotypic behavior
(servile, uncritical) of a small nation hoping to get large sums of money from the bloat nation mentioned above.
Ahearn, Clark, Gardenier, Chung, and Dube (2003) examined whether noncontingent access to preferred stimuli (food or toys) would increase the persistence of stereotypic behavior
believed to be maintained by automatic reinforcement.