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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wax therapy and mobilizations techniques were being used as a tool of treatment in arthritis patients in previous studies by various authors.11 All these studies supported that mobilization techniques and Wax bath is a useful remedy in stiff joints which is in accordance with our study.
2 O'CLOCK!" Sleepiness and stiff joints were instantly forgotten and everyone on the bus rushed to my side of the vehicle, hoping for a glimpse of the stately animal.
"Arthritis" is not just a word doctors use when they talk about painful, stiff joints. In fact, there are many kinds of arthritis, each with different symptoms and treatments.
* An aging cat's litter-box behavior often changes for the worse, frequently due to stiff joints that impede the animal from hopping into the box.
Rumney had explained that Bid For Fame was a homebred greyhound that had shown good potential as a youngster, but had proven difficult to train; having stiff joints and being prone to cramping, for which he had tried several remedies.
In addition, stiff joints are a significant risk factor for falls in the elderly, and Dr.
Being sedentary leads to a weak cardiovascular system, weak muscles and stiff joints, which are easily injured.
Excessive fluoridation can also lead to skeletal fluorosis, a bone disease that can cause permanent hunchback, prohibitively stiff joints, and leg deformation.
White potatoes contain solanine, which has been shown to cause a very toxic effect in susceptible people, contributing to arthritis, calcium depletion, and stiff joints, as well as painful wrists, ankles, and knees.
In fact, it said, studies show omega 3's can reduce the pain and inflammation of stiff joints in people with arthritis.
Some or all of the following conditions may occur: short stature, mental retardation, cloudy corneas, stiff joints, speech and hearing impairment, chronic runny nose, hernia, heart disease, hyperactivity, chronic diarrhea, and shortened life span.
"Stiff joints, aching muscles--many of these `aging pains'--are actually due to repeated stresses and overuse.