Evidence of the presence of three distinct forms of help-seeking stigmas in Turkey can help counselors in Turkey address the issues this barrier presents.
This line of research could allow counselors to predict the effect of these stigmas in undocumented regions and adapt stigma-reduction efforts more effectively.
Where stigma is an effect of disease, the treatment of that disease is incomplete if stigma is not addressed.
Apart from these direct effects on individuals, stigma and discrimination are often major barriers for the effective implementation of leprosy and rehabilitation programmes.
were excised with the aid of a manual retractable cutter and immediately self-pollinated.
Because we relied heavily on transgender organizations for participants, we probably underrepresented those labeled as "concealed stigmas
The article also points out that increased awareness of the impact of stigma
is leading to a re-look at health stigmas
and the pressing need for more research.
Numerous investigations show that stigma
associated with HIV has a negative impact on diverse variables related to quality of life and psychological well-being (Franke et al.
Then the stigmas
were artificially pollinated at different time intervals and re-bagged for another 5 days.
HIV prevention in particular is severely constrained by stigma
that deters openness about serostatus and promotes public and private shame and blame.
Findings indicated that females in Pakistan endorse fewer stigmas
, and have more positive attitude towards psychological help than males.
Challenging the stigma
of mental illness; lessons for therapists and advocates.