stratagem

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stratagem

noun ars, artful contrivance, artifice, blind, cheat, chicane, contrivance, crafty device, cunning, deceit, deception, device, dodge, dolus, evasion, excuse, expedient, feint, finesse, gimmick, intrigue, machination, maneuver, manipulation, plan, plot, ploy, pretext, ruse, scheme, shift, strategy, subterfuge, tactic, trap, trick, wile
See also: act, artifice, campaign, contrivance, deception, design, device, expedient, false pretense, hoax, instrumentality, intent, machination, maneuver, operation, plot, ploy, policy, practice, pretext, procedure, ruse, scheme, trap, trick, undertaking

STRATAGEM. A deception either by words or actions, in times of war, in order to obtain an advantage over an enemy.
     2. Such stratagems, though contrary to morality, have been justified, unless they have been accompanied by perfidy, injurious to the rights of humanity, as in the example given by Vattel of an English frigate, which during a war between France and England, appeared off Calais and made signals of distress in order to allure some vessel to come to its relief, and seized a shallop and its crew, who had generously gone out to render it assistance. Vattel, Droit des Gens, liv. 3, c. 9, Sec. 178.
     3. Sometimes stratagems are employed in making, contracts, this is unlawful and fraudulent, and avoids the contract. See Fraud.

References in periodicals archive ?
The former is "the study of the doctrines of the creation and application of rules of stratagems and military strategies in military confrontation.
One-off measures are expiring and initially favorable financial stratagems for adjusting the time-profile of the deficit (stratagems for which the Maastricht rules were an open invitation) are now becoming a burden on the finances.
Every time a cattleman says, "I sell calves not beef, so I don't need a beef checkoff," it reminds me once again how far we still have to go to communicate the importance of cultivating marketing stratagems for U.
By the 1990s he understood that only a combination of political-diplomatic stratagems (resulting in international pressure on Israel), terrorism and demographics would do the job.
After coming across a translation of The 36 Stratagems he asked himself whether this ancient Chinese text could play a role in today's business world.
He adds, "I share with the men of your organization a sincere desire to see an end to all such seditious propaganda as criminal slander of the Commander in Chief, defeatism, pacifism, anti-Semitism and all similar deceits and stratagems designed to assist the German cause.
Simple stratagems like putting on the headset, fiddling with your laptop or pretending to read (or write) A Brief History of Time should do the trick.
A self-proclaimed "state without territory," NSK initially borrowed many of its shock stratagems from Laibach, starting with its name: In the early '80s, merely using German (which no NSK member actually speaks) was a provocation in a country founded on the mythology of Yugoslav resistance to the Nazi invasion.
A number of stratagems have served to imbed this notion in the consciousness of the people, not the least of which was the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), during which your tax dollars paid for a packet of "information" on cholesterol and heart disease to be sent to every physician in America.
One of the stratagems was to make each station have only one entrance, so there are no possible confusions when you want to meet someone at for instance the one in Kongens Nytorvet or Norreport.
The chronicle's recurring characters are the woeful or comical stratagems that the churches deploy for keeping silence.