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STRATAGEM. A deception either by words or actions, in times of war, in order to obtain an advantage over an enemy.
     2. Such stratagems, though contrary to morality, have been justified, unless they have been accompanied by perfidy, injurious to the rights of humanity, as in the example given by Vattel of an English frigate, which during a war between France and England, appeared off Calais and made signals of distress in order to allure some vessel to come to its relief, and seized a shallop and its crew, who had generously gone out to render it assistance. Vattel, Droit des Gens, liv. 3, c. 9, Sec. 178.
     3. Sometimes stratagems are employed in making, contracts, this is unlawful and fraudulent, and avoids the contract. See Fraud.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The former is "the study of the doctrines of the creation and application of rules of stratagems and military strategies in military confrontation." (4) It studies how to use ingenuity to gain advantages at the smallest costs.
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OFF-ROAD DECLARER PLAY: UNUSUAL WAYS TO PLAY A BRIDGE HAND is for intermediate to advanced bridge players seeking less well-known stratagems to enhance the bridge move, from creating entries and surviving bad trump breaks to getting the defenders to help.
Finally, the Appia has been planned with the same ergonomic stratagems marking the Aurelia.
Although he had not believed it at first, Arroyo came to the conclusion that "stratagems were fermenting and plans were afoot to capture her network".
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Occupied with tumult, potent ingeniously interwoven plots within a plot, stratagems, snappy dialog, machination and wondrous creatures Merlin's Kin is filled with the elements of a first rate fantasy.
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