lesion

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lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among structural lesions 7 patients (15.5%) presented with Dacryops.
They then detail surgical techniques for benign structural lesions like nodules, cysts, polyps, and other abnormalities; endoscopic surgery for premalignant and malignant lesions of the larynx; endoscopy and laryngeal framework surgery for neurogenic voice disorders; and the endoscopic management of laryngeal trauma, as well as external procedures.
(7) The guidelines state that other imaging methods (including CT angiography, contrast-enhanced MRI, and magnetic resonance angiography) "may be considered" to evaluate for clinically suspected underlying structural lesions, including vascular malformations and tumors.
In this case the MRI brain confirmed our suspicion of structural lesions in basal ganglia and internal capsule regions.
Sixty-one patients (mean age, 57.8 years) with chronic tinnitus not due to known structural lesions were randomly assigned to receive, in double-blind fashion, 3 mg of melatonin or placebo each night for 30 days.
Specialized MRI sequences enable detection of small structural lesions in patients with epilepsy.
In the absence of structural lesions, the possibility of a pharmacological cause or seizures should be considered in the evaluation of pupillary abnormalities.
* In the early stages of the disease, these compensatory mechanisms may largely mask the functional effects of tissue lesions, which are often fairly slight at this stage, but as the symptoms evolve, neuroplastic mechanisms may no longer suffice to compensate for the increasingly severe structural lesions, and the functional symptoms therefore begin to show up
Those with a fetus with structural lesions that could cause congenital heart block also are excluded.
A serum prolactin level above 200 ng/mL, however, is getting out of the range of drug-induced hyperprolactinemia and suggests the possibility of structural lesions. An MRI of the sella turcica should be done to look for a pituitary adenoma or parasellar tumor that might be interfering with dopamine production, he said.
Strobovideolaryngoscopy revealed a mild stiffness of both vibratory margins, which was worse on the right, and the presence of structural lesions. During gentle inspiration, a large mass on the right filled the posterior glottis (figure 1).
Structural lesions are present in up to 68% of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy.[10]

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