Instead, it held--quite sensibly, in my view--that "[i]ntended loss refers to the defendant's subjective expectation." (32) For example, the court explained that a defendant who helped others apply for $1 million in loans, anticipating that $250,000 would be repaid, only intended (i.e., subjectively
expected) a loss of $750,000.
The 2nd, 3rd and 9th Circuits have all held that defendants will win their motion to dismiss a Section 11 case if plaintiffs fail to allege that the statements in question were both objectively and subjectively
In this view, there is no basic difference between someone "subjectively
" valuing food in order to live and someone "subjectively
" valuing morphine to feed a drug habit.
We, however, prove that, under a condition called inside common knowledge , subjective rationalizability is equivalent to rationalizability and show that an agent's subjectively
rationalizable action can be easily derived by applying the result.
In the survey, conducted by Michal Matejka, a professor at the W.P Carey School of Business at Arizona State, 58% of private-company CFOs' bonuses were based on meeting financial performance goals, 13% were contingent on explicit nonfinancial targets such as customer satisfaction or safety targets, and 27% were awarded subjectively
The remaining small percentage were funded in other, unspecified ways.
Al-Tazamen neighborhood is located near Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp and most western backed media are covering the related news subjectively
to show that militant groups have the thorough control over the area.
"The delicate balance of trust between small business and regulators, which has shown tentative signs of improving recently, could be further complicated by what subjectively
constitutes a 'material breach' according to different inspectors, creating in all likelihood a postcode lottery for businesses concerning health and safety compliance and enforcement."
The proposal would have been the subject of litigation over the undefined "reasonable basis" by which the FTB would subjectively
determine whether a refund claim was erroneous or not.
Hambden's action, at least according to Hume, is objectively wrong--a "blameable extreme"--but subjectively
right: morally appropriate in light of Hambden's beliefs.
Influences such as home crowd support, familiarity with venues and enhanced scores in subjectively
judged sports, such as gymnastics and diving, will positively affect performance."
Good is that we lose nothing from a purely mathematical point of view if we choose to interpret all probabilities subjectively
. "[E]very physical probability," Good noted, "can be interpreted as a subjective probability or as a credibility." (1) This is a fascinating observation, because it raises the question why mathematicians and other scientists have spent so much time trying to establish that probability is a measure of something "objective" in the world if it has no bearing on the actual mathematics of probability.
Chapters offer a blend of hard science and personal experience as they reconsider the nature of dreams and spirituality and offer keys to subjectively
exploring reality through behavior patterns.