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SUBSTITUTE, contracts. One placed under another to transact business for him; in letters of attorney, power is generally given to the attorney to nominate and appoint a substitute.
     2. Without such power, the authority given to one person cannot in general be delegated to another, because it is a personal trust and confidence, and is not therefore transmissible. The authority is given to him to exercise his judgment and discretion, and it cannot be said that the trust and confidence reposed in him shall be exercised at the discretion of another. 2 Atk. 88; 2 Ves. 645. But an authority may be delegated to another, when the attorney has express power to do so. Bunb. 166; T. Jones, 110. See Story, Ag. Sec. 13, 14. When a man is drawn in the militia, he may in some cases hire a substitute.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, in any given case, there may be some amount of taxation on imported products that may well be "in excess of" the tax on domestic "like products" but may not be so much as to compel a conclusion that "directly competitive or substitutable" imported and domestic products are "not similarly taxed" for the purposes of the Ad Article to Article III:2, second sentence.
This is especially true for the substitutable product combinations, where the slope increased from 0.783 for the weekly analysis to 0.953 for the 3-wk-avg analysis and finally to 1.209 for the 5-wk-avg analysis.
A second limitation is that we compared a stimulus that was potentially a substitutable oral stimuli (the donut) with a none substitutable stimuli (i.e., the book).
Of these, 628,000 received an estimated $2.72 billion in such aid by obtaining nonneed-based loans, identified as substitutable loams, that families borrow to meet their expected family contribution.
(13) The term `market' is defined to include `goods or services that are substitutable for, or otherwise competitive with, the first-mentioned goods or services'.
Alternatively, to what degree are racial, citizenship, and gender categories more or less substitutable markers, buttresses reinforcing inequality, used to justify relegation to the lower ranks?
Novartis alleges that the FDA did not follow its own regulations in designating SangStat's non-identical cyclosporine dosage form as directly substitutable for Neoral.
Yet that said, the most easily substitutable element and least apt to alter the outcome substantially is channel, or medium.
"We can do all the reduction-of-resource consumption possible in building sustainable communities around the world," answers Waak, "but if population growth continues in an unplanned way, it doesn't make any difference: We are going to exhaust the resources that are available to us, and we will get up against the wall, where there's nothing that's substitutable anymore."
Moreover, its applicability for substitutable resources was demonstrated in experiments with rotifers that compete for algal foods (Rothhaupt 1988).
Obviously, if landfill services are substitutable with these other inputs, then omitting [[Sigma].ij] from the calculation leads to overestimation of the price elasticity of demand for collection services ([[Epsilon].sub.c]).