Substitute

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SUBSTITUTE, contracts. One placed under another to transact business for him; in letters of attorney, power is generally given to the attorney to nominate and appoint a substitute.
     2. Without such power, the authority given to one person cannot in general be delegated to another, because it is a personal trust and confidence, and is not therefore transmissible. The authority is given to him to exercise his judgment and discretion, and it cannot be said that the trust and confidence reposed in him shall be exercised at the discretion of another. 2 Atk. 88; 2 Ves. 645. But an authority may be delegated to another, when the attorney has express power to do so. Bunb. 166; T. Jones, 110. See Story, Ag. Sec. 13, 14. When a man is drawn in the militia, he may in some cases hire a substitute.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In permutation entries containing banker selections, the substitution of a 'banker' will be applied to all lists contained in the permutation, and where a non-banker selection is substituted, the replacement (substitute) selection will be applied to all lists in the permutation containing the substituted selection.
One study from Spain, compared two diets--one a normal Mediterranean diet, another the same diet but with walnuts substituted for some of the olive oil and other high fat foods.
Ideally, under the principle of "substituted judgement" (Casasanto, et al., 1991; Christie, 1984; In re Quinlan, 1976; In re Roe, 1982) the guardian must attempt to reach the decision the incompetent person would make if that person were legally able to choose.