Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


n. putting one person in place of another, in particular replacement of the attorney of record in a lawsuit with another attorney (or the party acting in propria persona). (See: substitution of attorney)

See: contribution, cover, devolution, exchange, indemnification, novation, preemption, proxy, recompense, replacement, representation, representative, stopgap, subrogation, substitute, succedaneum

SUBSTITUTION, civil law. In the law of devises, it is the putting of one person in the place of another, so that he may, in default of ability in the former, or after him, have the benefit of a devise or legacy.
     2. It is a species of subrogation made in two different ways; the first is direct substitution, and the latter a trust or fidei commissary substitution. The first or direct substitution, is merely the institution of a second legatee, in case the first should be either incapable or unwilling to accept the legacy; for example, if a testator should give to Peter his estate, but in case he cannot legally receive it, or he willfully refuses it, then I give it to Paul; this is a direct substitution. Fidei commissary substitution is that which takes place when the person substituted is not to receive the legacy until after the first legatee, and consequently must receive the thing bequeathed from the hands of the latter for example, I institute Peter my heir, and I request that at his death he shall deliver my succession to Paul. Merl. Repert. h.t.; 5 Toull. 14.

SUBSTITUTION, chancery practice. This takes place in a case where a creditor has a lien on two different parcels of land, and another creditor has a subsequent lien on one only of the parcels, and the prior creditor elects to have his whole demand out of the parcel of land on which the subsequent creditor takes his lien; the latter is entitled, by way of substitution, to have the prior lien assigned to him for his benefit. 1 Johns. Ch. R. 409; 2 Hawk's Rep. 623; 2 Mason, R. 342. And in a case where a bond creditor exacts the whole of the debt from one of the sureties, that surety is entitled to be substituted in his place, and to a cession of his rights and securities, as if be were a purchaser, either against the principal or his co-sureties. Id. 413; 1 Paige's R. 185; 7 John. Ch. Rep. 211; 10 Watts, R. 148.
     2. A surety on paying the debt is entitled to stand in the place of the creditor and to be subrogated to all his rights against the principal. 2 Johns. Ch. R. 454. 4 Johns. Ch. R. 123; 1 Edw. R. 164; 7 John. R. 584; 3 Paige's R. 117; 2 Call, R. 125; 2 Yerg. R. 346; 1 Gill & John. 346; 6 Rand. R. 98,; 8 Watts, R. 384. In Pennsylvania it is provided by act of assembly, that in all cases where a constable shall be entrusted with the execution of any process for the collection of money, and by neglect of duty shall fail to collect the same, by means whereof the bail or security of such constable shall be compelled to pay the amount of any judgment shall vest in the person paying, as aforesaid, the equitable interest in such judgment, and the amount due upon any such judgment may be collected in the name of the plaintiff for the use of such person. Pamphlet Laws, 1828-29, p. 370. Vide 2 Binn. R. 382, and Subrogation.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to a Sligo manager Niall Carew (left) everything was above board in Sligo's substitutions and he is confident they can continue without censure into Round 2A of the qualifiers, where they were pitted against Meath in yesterday's draw.
Monetary substitution mechanism based on multiple motives in developing countries
There are various measures that can be used to estimate the degree of substitution between beer, spirits and wine.
The surprising finding was that women who used prescription opioids were less likely to be offered, or to have, an NICU consult during their pregnancy--prior to the birth--than were the women in the illicit opioid/opioid substitution therapy group, even though infants from both groups were significantly more likely to have longer hospital stays than their mothers," Dr.
They said that substitution is in a way, an unlawful extension of the prescribed period for the filing of certificates of candidacy (COC).
SUBSTITUTION 59 mins: Stewart Downing replaces Tomas Kalas in Boro's first change.
The purpose of this work is to provide a method for finding substitution tilings with high orders of rotational symmetry.
The goal here is to define a substitution rule on R(n) that sends each prototile r (i) to a patch, the support of which is the closure of the planar region inside of [sigma]r(i).
They found that seasonal flu escapes immunity and develops into new strains typically by just a single amino acid substitution.
org), incorporating the General Time Reversible (GTR) model of nucleotide substitution for all the three datasets.
Summary: Drug substitution, or the use of cheaper generic medicine, could pose more harm to patients and potentially drive up healthcare costs if shifting to generics is based on economic grounds alone, cautioned an Emirati pharmacologist.