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SUBSTITUTE, contracts. One placed under another to transact business for him; in letters of attorney, power is generally given to the attorney to nominate and appoint a substitute.
     2. Without such power, the authority given to one person cannot in general be delegated to another, because it is a personal trust and confidence, and is not therefore transmissible. The authority is given to him to exercise his judgment and discretion, and it cannot be said that the trust and confidence reposed in him shall be exercised at the discretion of another. 2 Atk. 88; 2 Ves. 645. But an authority may be delegated to another, when the attorney has express power to do so. Bunb. 166; T. Jones, 110. See Story, Ag. Sec. 13, 14. When a man is drawn in the militia, he may in some cases hire a substitute.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In spite of the substitutive character of PHI, there are some structural differences between both systems.
This histogram shows the contribution of substitutive and integrative gestures to the total percentage of gestures in communicative visual material.
question of security measures in a spirit that promotes the substitutive
All this points to her ability to fit into a chain of substitutive signifiers instantiating the same pattern grounded in the holy Christological referent.
Randomized clinical trials that satisfy equipoise and randomize between two procedures that are both standard of care (in addition to satisfying the conditions that no standard of care offers a better harm-benefit trade-off exists, that "non-therapeutic" components are minimal risk, and that the protocol allows sufficient variation that clinical discretion in treatment is unfettered) would indeed be minimal risk in the sense that the risk of the intervention is substitutive. Hence it would seem reasonable that such research could be carried out with permission to waive informed consent requirements--under what we have in this paper called the standard for limit on unconsented research.
Dans cette eventualite (mais rien n'apparait explicitement a ce niveau dans l'ouvrage de Selvini Palazzoli) <<L'assistance non substitutive a la pensee>> dont parle Davezies (1) prendrait sa signification, autant que les conditions d'une possible efficacite, dans l'effort d'articuler les elements du contexte (la rivalite entre le president et le vice-president) avec les tendances de l'individu en souffrance (le desir d'accomplissement professionnel de Gianni).
Whether in transport or in tourism history (and these are overlapping but distinguishable categories), any embrace of the 'cultural turn' should be additive rather than substitutive. We should be suspicious of arguments that seek to label particular approaches to history in exclusive ways and to place them in sealed boxes, consecrated to their own version of subdisciplinary 'authenticity'.
This guide to assigning a name and formula to an inorganic substance introduces the compositional, substitutive, and additive systems of nomenclature, and applies them to inorganic acids and derivatives, coordination compounds, and solids.
Erythrocyte susceptibility to oxidative stress in chronic renal failure patients under different substitutive treatments.
Whereas in statutory health insurance systems PHI primarily plays a substitutive role (e.g., Germany) or complementary role (e.g., France), in countries where the health system is built on the lines of an NHS, public mainstream healthcare coverage coexists with private supplementary health insurance.
Because of these developments in what is now known as the "new science," to distinguish it from Newtonian, or "modern science," (21) it is perhaps not surprising that the dream of cumulative, ever-progressive and, to some extent, even trans-historical knowledge, was superseded by an understanding of knowledge as substitutive, propelled, that is, by paradigmatic changes.