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SUBTRACTION. The act of withholding or detaining anything unlawfully.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rewrite the digits in descending order as the minuend, and in ascending order as the subtrahend. Subtract, and keep doing this to the answer each time.
Although the minuend is usually a larger number than the subtrahend, a particular digit in the minuend may be less than the digit beneath it in the subtrahend, so trading (borrowing) is required.
Regard the remainder of the successive subtraction (here, 5) as representing nadi and regard the integer part of the division by the subtrahend (here, 57) as representing vinadi.(18) The two yield 5:57 nadi.
Therefore, utilizing the Gain Basis as the subtrahend in the gain computation formula would eliminate any potential gain attributable to depreciation deductions that did not produce tax benefits for the taxpayer.
For subtraction, counting involved the missing addend strategy: Count from the subtrahend to the minuend.
9.825 Minuend - 5.450 Subtrahend 4.375 Difference Note that the decimal point in the difference goes under the decimal point in the minuend and subtrahend.
One point was awarded for correctly identifying each occurrence of the SFL and BAZ errors using a variety of synonymous terms (e.g., SFL: subtracted smaller from larger number regardless of position, reversed/transposed smaller from larger, subtracted minuend from subtrahend).
The tasks addressing the effect of operation on number were analyzed for understanding of arithmetic properties (e.g., associativity, inverse, the effect of changing the addend and subtrahend) as they apply to computational relationships (e.g., 70-43=27, [therefore] 70-44=26).
The player with four cards subtracts the three-digit number, or subtrahend, from the four-digit number, or minuend.
Brenda Miller, Subtrahend (1972), sisal, nails, blue pencil, 80" x 80" x 1-24".
Special needs children (aged 8-12) with difficulty in subtraction problems up to 100 with the ones-digit subtrahend being larger than the ones digit in the minuend have benefitted from using dynamic virtual manipulative (Peltenburg, van den-Heuvel-Panhuizen & Doig, 2009).
Other approaches, however, such as altering the subtrahend or altering both numbers, are more complex and often require prolonged discussions to solidify teachers' understanding.