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Ora, essa condicao de superego nao foi conquistada instantaneamente, mas e fruto de uma construcao institucional que se iniciou no periodo de constitution-building pre 1988 e encontra-se, ainda, em progresso.
Sigmund Freud first introduced the concept of the superego in 1923 in a work entitled The Ego and the Id.
The primitive superego present in the severe masochistic perversions directs the patient in accordance with a culture of violence; a superego morality in which violation is veracity and torment is the truth.
Whereas Freud presumes that the constitutive dependency of the ego upon the moral supremacy and "categorical imperative" of its superego results from the earlier "introjection" into the ego of the first objects of the subject's libidinal impulses (Ego 49), namely, the two parents ("Economic Problem" 167), the supremacy of Claire's superego is compromised by the lack of a prior affective bond between parent and child and by the continued physical abuse through which her father reinforces her submission, both of which enable a greater resistance on the part of her ego.
5) The kind of care or even love at stake in this schema, however, also suggests a locus of maternal solicitude (for children qua infantilized citizens) that Lacan associates, again beyond or around that point in mental space of the Big Other, with a "Thing" animating not so much desire in its foreclosed but stabilizing satisfactions (or sublimations) as a "breakdown by means of which a certain psychic function, the superego, seems to find in itself its own exacerbation, as a result of a kind of malfunctioning of the brakes which should limit its proper authority" (The Ethics 143).
A concluding chapter considers William Burroughs, Brett Easton Ellis, and the sociologist Philip Rieff, who pines for "the revivification of the cultural superego," and with whose views Fuchs sympathizes.
Yet the character of jouissance which truly unites the many elements discussed thus far is its relationship to the third of Freud's concepts alongside the id and ego that topographically marks the individual's psychic space: the superego.
He examines the elements of bizarreness and wish-fulfillment in children's dreams and how they relate to the development of superego functions.
In what follows I will develop the idea of the ideological status of Kurtz's spectre by first locating the exact point of Marlow's encounter with the real and reviewing Lacanian approaches to the novella; second, examining the particular aural nature of spectrality (voice as objet a) and its link to the obscene superego underside of the Law, and finally concluding that Marlow's failure to exorcise Kurtz's spectre is the last resort to reproduce imperialist ideology in the novella despite his own exposure of its evils.
Violation of laws and prohibitions does not in his case bring a sense of guilt which the traditional version of the superego in psychoanalysis inflicts on the subject to rectify behaviour and police thoughts and unlawful desires.