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What, on this account, would be the status of supererogatory acts?
Yet it can be argued--and I argue it here-- that for certain moral "events," forgiveness is not supererogatory but integral, that it impinges on moral judgment no less explicitly than those first-order acts for which forgiveness may (at another level) be sought and either granted or denied.
But undertaking exceptional risks is still viewed as supererogatory, and the firefighter who truly risks life and limb is rewarded as a hero and not merely a competent worker.
By virtue of presenting the person's need in this fashion-isolated and divorced from its comparative context-the media would be characterizing it as something special: as something that not only invites a supererogatory act of donation in general, but an act focused on this particular need of a particular person.
To do this, it formulates and assesses the Negative Counterpart Thesis (NCT): that evil acts are the negative symmetrical counterparts of supererogatory ones.
This point of view, unfortunately, leaves us in a hole: If benevolence is volitional and not a moral imperative, it assumes a nonbinding and, therefore, ethically supererogatory role.
He admits that his principle cannot be a stand-alone basis for ethics--for one thing, the concern of his argument is specifically with the difficulties of principles of beneficence, which make a requirement on us that it would be wrong not to perform; voluntary or supererogatory acts are thereby left aside.
At some point the physician's personal sacrifice to attain the nth benefit for his patients is supererogatory. While physicians must still place high priority on their patients' interests, we must now inquire not only what physicians owe their patients, but also what they do not owe.
One of many topics raised by Martin is the nature and meaning of supererogatory conduct, or conduct beyond the minimum requirements.
Sacrifice is, however, supererogatory; the ANA goes on to ask the crucial question of whether a nurse is obliged to undergo some degree of risk short of that ideal:
It is common to think that certain acts are supererogatory, especially certain heroic or saintly self-sacrifices for the good.
How can the omission of a merely meritorious act be permissible, unless the act is supererogatory? What about acts that are permissible according to Meinong's adaptation of the deontic square of opposition (pp.
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