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Superior

One who has a right to give orders; belonging to a higher grade.

A superior is someone or something entitled to command, influence, or control. In the judicial system, a superior court has general or extensive jurisdiction, as opposed to an inferior court. A superior court bears a different meaning in different states. In some states, it is a tribunal of intermediate jurisdiction between the trial courts and the chief appellate court; in other states, however, it is the name given to trial courts.

In the law of Negligence, a superior force is an uncontrollable and irresistible force that produces results that could not be avoided.

In real property, a holder of a superior estate has an Easement, or a nonpossessory interest in land, in an inferior estate.

superior

in feudal law, the person from whom a person lower in the feudal chain holds his land.

SUPERIOR. One who has a right to command; one who holds a superior rank; as, a soldier is bound to obey his superior.
     2. In estates, some are superior to others; an estate entitled to a servitude or easement over another estate, is called the superior or dominant, and the other the inferior or servient estate. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 1612.
     3. Of courts, some are supreme or superior, possessing in general appellate jurisdiction, either by writ of error or by appeal; 3 Bouv. Inst. n. 2527; the others are called inferior courts.

References in periodicals archive ?
For the nature of the superiority effect we have found quite conclusive evidence.
Tropes that had also been important to late 19th-century German theorists of the superiority of "Classical Music," primitive rhythm and the drums became the modernist sign of social changes in the United States as the Great Migration of African Americans from the deep South to northern and midwestern industrial cities provoked widespread concerns with the control of migrant populations.
"Leaving my homeland of Israel, I was making an attempt to avoid the ritualized games of superiority that concern tribes," Gotheiner said while working on the piece at MASS MoCA.
MBI 594AN 2.5% achieved statistically significant superiority at 6 weeks in reducing all three lesion parameters measured: inflammatory lesions (p equals 0.004), non-inflammatory lesions (p equals 0.037), and total lesions (p less than 0.001).
With cost comparisons encompassing total cost of deployment and five-year lifetime costs, Aberdeen's research found that Pervasive.SQL has a clear superiority, particularly with regard to maintenance costs.
The Positive Thesis is that laughter reveals the laugher's sense of superiority to a butt who is thereby degraded.
It provides a glossary of common industry terms, formulas and conversion tables, a chart on typical particulate sizes, and technical data, including the superiority of hydrophobic fiber technology versus standard cotton/poly technology.
These trees represent the saving of an ecological niche in an already limited gene pool, with size not necessarily being a defining characteristic of their superiority.
Cate tackles the question of whether an air superiority fighter is relevant to warfare in the twenty-first century.
M2 EQUITYBITES-September 2, 2019-Novartis' ofatumumab indicates superiority over Aubagio in two phase three trials
M2 PHARMA-September 2, 2019-Novartis' ofatumumab indicates superiority over Aubagio in two phase three trials