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Complete suppletion does not exist in Anaku Igbo, while partial modification can be regarded as what takes place in reduplication in Anaku Igbo as displayed above.
He observes that "the concept of suppletion presupposes the existence of neat paradigms, which are typically observed in inflection rather than in derivation" (2010: 57).
For example, the different directionality levels of at in English are marked via suppletion (from, to, via), whereas those of under are marked via projection and identity ([from] under).
Where part of a word is given in [less than] [greater than] brackets, this indicates not a resolved abbreviation but a suppletion for illegible or hidden letters.
Dauses is right to point out the contradictory nature of suppletion to structuralism and the notion of one form: one meaning (pp.
In the domain of data that I am looking at in this paper, there seem to be at least six distinct ways in which direction can be encoded in the adposition/case domain: suppletion, marking, projection, government, reordering and identity.
It is important to realize that not all languages have suppletion for the same primitives, so cross-linguistically the pair kill/die has to be treated as equivalent to a nonsuppletive pair like destroy/be destroyed.
Likewise, the infinitive TB yatsi 'to go' and the agent noun TB ynuca offer clear evidence that the stem TB i-/yn- was shared by present and nonpresent stems (this fact is also borne out by the old past participle TA inu); the seemingly highly archaic suppletion, the details of which are not shared with Tocharian A, therefore appears to be of rather recent date.
The attempt failed since the loss of eode coincided with the rise of a new sequence involving suppletion, ME go : wente : gone, with the preterite wente 'went' representing the native verb wendan 'turn'.
It is also true that Kielhorn has been overly literal in translating arthavat as "expressing a meaning," with a parenthetical suppletion, since the term itself refers to any speech element that has meaning.
Type I: Single locative verb (or suppletion under grammatical conditioning)