supranational

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supranational

greater than a state. More specially, a supranational organization is different from a superstate or a federation. While it is bigger than a nation, the supranational organization is limited in the functions for which it is responsible. Its first legal appearance was in the EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL COMMUNITY (ECSC) Treaty in which the high authority was that Community, the precursor of the commission. The treaty obliged the members to refrain from action incompatible with the supranational character of their duties. The Member States were enjoined to respect this supranational character.
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This simple logic reflects the reality that a core function of a federal system, which is to diversify locally, conflicts with the very telos of many international delegations, which is to harmonize supranationally.
We will argue that: (1) "international management" applies not only to the unidirectional crossing of national borders but also to the two-directional learning experienced by managers outside their home environments; (2) "global" and "transnational" add a mental mindset to the more material content of the crossing of borders by factors of production (including knowledge) and firms; (3) the study of international management has benefited from the "transnational" perspective of considering both "global" and "local" threats and opportunities, and (4) "management" is a socially constructed activity that takes place in all sorts of organizations--private, public, for profit or not, at home, abroad and supranationally.
The farming sector, however, benefits from irrigation projects that have been subsidised both nationally and supranationally.
The European and national employment policies thereby create a complex double structure of governance that is supported supranationally and nationally.