Wound(redirected from surgical wound)
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WOUND, med. jur. This term, in legal medicine, comprehends all lesions of
the body, and in this it differs from the meaning of the word when used in
surgery. The latter only refers to a solution of continuity, while the
former comprises not only these, but also every other kind of accident, such
as bruises, contusions, fractures, dislocations, and the like. Cooper's
Surgical Dict. h.t.; Dunglison's Med. Dict. h.t.; vide Dictionnaire des
Sciences Medicales, mot Blessures 3 Fodere, Med. Leg. Sec. 687-811.
2. Under the statute 9 Geo. IV. c. 21, sect. 12, it has been held in England, that to make a wound, in criminal cases, there must be "an injury to the person by which the skin is broken." 6 C. & P. 684; S. C. 19 Eng. C. L. Rep. 526. Vide Beck's Med. Jur. c. 15; Ryan's Med. Jur. Index, h.t.; Roscoe's Cr. Ev. 652; 19 Eng. Com. L. Rep. 425, 430, 526, 529; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; 1 Moody's Cr. Cas. 278; 4 C. & P. 381; S. C. 19 E. C. L. R. 430; 4 C. & P. 446; S. C. 19 E. C. L. R. 466; 1 Moody's Cr. C. 318; 4 C. & P. 558; S. C. 19 E. C. L. R. 526; Carr. Cr. L. 239; Guy, Med. Jur. ch. 9, p. 446; Merl. Repert. mot Blessure.
3. When a person is found dead from wounds, it is proper to inquire whether they are the result of suicide, accident, or homicide. In making the examination, the greatest attention should be bestowed on all the circumstances. On this subject some general directions have been given under the article Death. The reader is referred to 2 Beck's Med. Jur. 68 to 93. As to, wounds on the living body, see Id. 188.