Surprise

(redirected from surprises)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

Surprise

An unexpected action, sudden confusion, or an unanticipated event.

As a ground for a new trial, surprise means the condition in which a party to a lawsuit is unexpectedly placed and that is detrimental to that party's case. The situation must be one that the party could not reasonably have anticipated and that could not be guarded against or prevented.

When a party is taken by surprise by the testimony of his or her own witness, the party may be permitted to discredit the witness by showing that the witness made prior contradictory or inconsistent statements.

SURPRISE. This term is frequently used in courts of equity and by writers on equity jurisprudence. It signifies the act by which a party who is entering into a contract is taken unawares, by which sudden confusion or perplexity is created, which renders it proper that a court of equity should relieve the party so surprised. 2 Bro. Ch. R. 150; 1 Story, Eq. Jur. Sec. 120, note. Mr. Jeremy, Eq. Jur. 366, seems to think that the word surprise is a technical expression, and nearly synonymous. with fraud. Page 383, note. It is sometimes, used in this sense when it is deemed presumptive of, or approaching to fraud. 1 Fonb. Eq. 123 3 Chan. Cas. 56, 74, 103, 114. Vide 6 Ves. R. 327, 338; 2 Bro. Ch. R. 826; 16 Ves. R. 81, 86, 87; 1 Cox, R. 340; 2 Harr. Dig. 92.
     2. In practice, by surprise is understood that situation in which a party is placed, without any default of his own, which will be, injurious to his interest. 8 N. AS. 407. The courts always do everything in their power to relieve a party from the effects of a surprise, when he has been diligent in endeavouring to avoid it. 1 Clarke's R. 162; 3 Bouv. Inst. n. 3285.

References in periodicals archive ?
The surprise element in a relationship cannot be wished away, or taken for granted.
Kapamilya star Jessy Mendiola threw her 'Hawhaw' Luis Manzano a surprise birthday bash last April 21, inviting his close friends and his favorite band in a reggae-themed party.
* (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QNJx7Vi4Sg4) Scuba Soldier - Back From Afghanistan Early - Surprises Family (19M+ views)
"The contents in the box was very minimum there wasn't a lot there at all and after she used all five bath bombs to get the surprises out the novelty wore off and she went straight back to her iPad and drawing pictures."
Although literature on Psychology shows that negative events tend to evoke physiological, cognitive and emotional responses greater than neutral and positive events, (BAUMEISTER; BRATSLAVSKY; FINKENAUER, 2001; LYUBOMIRSKY, 2011), it is not known whether these results are the same when you evaluate consumer situations in which negative surprises occur.
Surprise Surprise ITV, 7pm This Christmas special will feature a number of emotional surprises and a dramatic family reunion, as host Holly Willoughby celebrates those who do so much for others and expect nothing in return.
SURPRISE SURPRISE (ITV, tonight, 8pm) HOLLY Willoughby returns with a new series rewarding some of the country's most deserving and big-hearted people with spectacular surprises.
best family SURPRISE SURPRISE (ITV, tonight, 8pm) HOLLY Willoughby returns with a new series rewarding some of the country's most deserving and big-hearted people with spectacular surprises.
"But you can expect tears, laughter and plenty of jaw-dropping surprises."
It will come as no surprise that most of us really don't like surprises.
When something surprises a baby, like an object not behaving the way a baby expects it to, the baby not only focuses on that object, but ultimately learns more about it than from a similar yet predictable object.