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To give up, return, or yield.

The word surrender presupposes the possession or ownership of the thing that is to be returned or given up. It indicates a transfer of title as well as possession, but it does not express or in any way suggest the transaction of a sale and delivery. Instead, it involves yielding or delivering in response to a demand. A surrender may be compelled or it may be voluntary.

In landlord-tenant law, surrender occurs when a tenant agrees to return the leased premises to the landlord before the expiration of the lease and the landlord agrees to accept the return of the premises.

In this respect a surrender differs from Abandonment, which is simply a unilateral act on the part of the tenant. In contrast, a surrender arises through a mutual agreement between the lessor and lessee.

Surrender is used in many areas of Substantive Law. For example, in Criminal Law it refers to a suspect's giving up to the police. In insurance law the "cash surrender" value is the amount of money a person will receive when he elects to end a policy and take the proceeds allocated under the insurance contract.


v. 1) to turn over possession of real property, either voluntarily or upon demand, by tenant to landlord. 2) to give oneself up to law enforcement officials.


(Give back), verb abdicate, abjure, cede, disclaim, disown, forego, forfeit, forsake, hand over, let go, part with, reinstate, relinquish, render up, renounce, resign, restore, return, waive


(Yield), verb acquiesce, agree to, back down, be submissive, capitulate, concede, dedere, give in, obey, relent, submit, succumb, tradere
See also: abandon, abandonment, abdication, accede, alienate, alienation, bear, cancellation, capitulation, cede, cession, compromise, concede, concession, deliver, delivery, desuetude, discontinuance, discontinue, disposition, expense, forfeit, forgo, give, grant, introduce, leave, obey, perish, prostration, quit, relinquish, relinquishment, remise, render, rendition, renounce, resign, resignation, sacrifice, submit, succumb, vacate, waive, waiver, withdraw, yield


1 to give up a right.
2 the bringing to an end of a lease by the tenant's giving up his interest to his landlord. Surrender maybe express or implied: express surrender should be effected by deed whereas implied surrender can be gleaned from the behaviour of the parties indicating that they both regard the lease as at an end.

SURRENDER, estates, conveyancing. A yielding up of an estate for life or years to him who has an immediate estate in reversion or remainder, by which the lesser estate is merged in the greater by mutual agreement, Co. Litt. 337, b.
     2. A surrender is of a nature directly opposite to a release; for, as the latter operates by the greater estate descending upon the less, the former is the falling of a less estate into a greater, by deed. A surrender immediately divests the estate of the surrenderer, and vests it in the surrenderee, even without the assent (q.v.) of the latter. Touchs. 300, 301.
     3. The technical and proper words of this conveyance are, surrender and yield up; but any form of words; by which the intention. of the parties is sufficiently manifested, will operate as a surrender, Perk. Sec. 607; 1 Term Rep. 441; Com. Dig. Surrender, A.
     4. The surrender may be express or implied. The latter is when an estate, incompatible with the existing estate, is accepted or the lessee takes a new lease of the same lands. 16 Johns. Rep. 28; 2 Wils. 26; 1 Barn. & A. 50; 2 Barn. & A. 119; 5 Taunt. 518, and see 6 East, R. 86; 9 Barn. & Cr. 288 7 Watts, R. 128. Vide, generally, Cruise, Dig. tit. 32, c. 7; Com. Dig. h.t.; Vin. Ab. h.t.; 4 Kent, Com. 102; Nels. Ab. h.t.; Rolle's Ab. h.t. 11 East, R. 317, n.
     5. The deed or instrument by which a surrender is made, is also called a surrender. For the law of presumption of surrenders, see Math. on Pres. ch. 13, p. 236; Addis. on Contr. 658-661.

References in periodicals archive ?
He likewise commended the commitment showed by the town's surrenderers to undergo rehab program as he urged the community and other sectors to support them in their reformation.
Cuachon said the government is putting up 4 mega treatment centers throughout the country to take care of drug surrenderers needing rehabilitation.
It was followed by the Western Visayas Police Regional Office (PRO-6) with 802 activities and 370 drug surrenderers.
Vice Mayor Leeve Antiporda, for his part, said the family and the community play a vital role in the rehabilitation process of the town's drug surrenderers where some of them are now undergoing community-based rehabilitation program.
Despite the success of Double Barrel, it is very sobering that when it comes to the number of surrenderers, PRO-6 (with the exclusion of Negros Occidental and Bacolod City) posted the lowest number among Police Regional offices with 20,598 surrenderers, he said.
The government's primary anti-illegal drug campaign, Oplan Double Barrel Reloaded, was relaunched on December 5, 2017 and has recorded over 8,700 drug surrenderers with 88 deaths.
Despite meager funds, the PLGU spearheaded the establishment of the Ifugao Reflection Camp in Tiger Hill in this historic town to help the drug surrenderers in the province to have a second chance for a better life and become active members of their community.
We immediately have Tanial undergo the usual process for surrenderers that includes custodial debriefing and medical checkup," said Brig.
The police said Gallanongo was one of the surrenderers in the city under the 'Oplan Tokhang' antidrug campaign.
The Libas site has been floated for conversion as the provincial drug rehabilitation center last year, soon after President Rodrigo Duterte assumed office, to address the overwhelming turn-out of voluntary drug surrenderers.
Margate admitted that even though PDEA makes numerous arrests, a holistic approach to the government's war on drugs to include massive information campaigns and community-based rehabilitation of drug surrenderers.
Over 530 surrenderers under the Oplan Tokhang campaign in Quezon City marched during their 'graduation' ceremony on Saturday, taking a step toward a new life away from drugs.