syllogism


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The common view of the enthymeme as a truncated syllogism means that audience agreement is necessary for persuasion to occur.
Aristotle seems there to say that any valid induction ultimately gains its force by being convertible to a deductive syllogism. The conversion is effected by a complete enumeration of observed particulars.
In the present case, an image of Tim Henman, wearing brightly coloured shorts and riding a big wave, may be unnecessary to the task of deciding whether All tennis players are surfers (syllogism 1).
The banker opposes what is natural and true to social fictions and conventional lies through a disjunctive syllogism:
Inductive and abductive syllogisms differ substantially from deductive ones, with the difference consisting in the component parts of the syllogism.
Table 4 shows the mean number of theoretical, empirical and arbitrary justifications as function of group, type of fact and form of syllogism in the three groups.
The syllogisms that Hegel proposes in his system also include an inductive syllogism as a subclass of his syllogism of allness.
The arguments of formal logic, based on the syllogism, are absolute and unqualified, and are best suited to ideal, symbolic, or abstract disciplines, such as mathematics.
And when a reporter asked Bush, "What do you know about who is behind these attacks?" he replied with a specious syllogism: "The best way to describe the people who are conducting these attacks are cold-blooded killers, terrorists.
Gaukroger never quotes Bacon's dismissal of the syllogism, so important in scholasticism, as a tool valid "in sciences popular, as moralities, laws, and the like," but of little use in natural philosophy, since "the subtilty of nature and operations will not be enchained in those bonds: for Arguments consist of Propositions, and Propositions of Words; and Words are but the current tokens or marks of Popular Notions of things" (Advancement of Learning, book 2, in Brian Vickers, ed., Francis Bacon [Oxford, 1996], 221-22).To study nature properly, Bacon believed, demands observation and experiment, collected freshly "out of particulars," not through purely verbal manipulations.
Mountains of quibbles over premises, logic, syllogism, evidence, rules of evidence, chronologies, and the like, are important, even indispensable, and should go on; however, the need remains to make the ideas acceptable to the general reader.
The half-arrogant, half-abject student who visits the half-honest scholar in the Jewish joke claims to know, first of all, Aristotelian logic, so we assume that he is acquainted with the following syllogism.