We argue that the knowledge held by such executives, especially its degree of tacitness
, is one basis for owner and/or executive retention decision-making which deserves to be given greater attention in the literature.
We propose a hypothesis concerning the relation between the degree of knowledge transmission based on the tacitness
of the knowledge and the benefits expected from the outsourcing of a specific activity.
pharmaceuticals, chemicals and material industries; path dependency and cumulativeness implying that future innovation depends on current and past innovations (-); tacitness
of knowledge (-); and the maturity of industry (-).
It becomes harder to see the presumption or even the desire for stable tacitness
itself as a problem that reproduces panic within the intimate field.
Naturally, this does not suggest that presuppositions and language generally cannot be reflected on; even if tacitness
were in some sense a requirement of cognition, this would not imply that all presuppositions cannot be brought to awareness distributively.
T he transaction costs framework of entry mode oversimplifies the knowledge construct by characterizing it only in terms of its generic attributes of proprietariness and tacitness
is indicated by the fact that the bulk of new authors reporting genetic-sequence discoveries for the first time were writing as coauthors with previously published discovers, and this continued to the end of the data set (1994), as reported in Zucker et al.
Kogut and Zander (1993) argued that knowledge is not strictly polarised between the explicit-tacit dichotomy, but it exists along a continuum of tacitness
For instance, an MNE's strategic goals (or a subsidiary's role), tacitness
of deployed knowledge, and risk-taldng ability are likely to be pertinent to local responsiveness.
In other words, the price system enables us to generate order spontaneously by providing us with an institutional process for overcoming the unavoidable dispersion, context specificity, and tacitness
of our knowledge.
Causal ambiguity is related to tacitness
(Simonin, 1999) and refers to the receiver's understanding about cause-effect relationships involved in the capabilities to be transferred.
The mere tacitness
of knowledge presents no particular problem for folk theory or for theories based on the container metaphor.