tail

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Tail

Limited, abridged, reduced, or curtailed.

An estate in tail is a legally recognizable interest of inheritance that goes to the heirs of the donee's body instead of descending to the donee's heirs generally. The heirs of the donee's body are his or her lawful issue (children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and so on, in a direct line for as long as the descendants endure in a regular order and course of descent). Upon the death of the first owner to die without issue, the estate tail ends.

Cross-references

Entail.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tail

the limitation of an estate or interest to a person and the heirs of his body, or an estate or interest limited in this way.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

TAIL. An estate tail is an estate of inheritance, to a man or a woman and his or her heirs of his or her body, or heirs of his body of a particular description, or to several persons and the heirs of their bodies, or the heirs generally or specially of the body or bodies of one person, or several bodies. Prest. on Estates, 355; Cruise, tit. 2, c. 1, s. 12.
     2. Estates tail, as qualified "in their limitation and extent, are of several sorts. They have different denominations, according to the circumstances under which, or the persons to whom they are limited. They are usually divided into estates tail general or special.
     3. But they may be more advantageously arranged under the following classes.
     4.-1. As to the extent of the degree to which the estates may descend, they are, 1st, general; 2d, qualified.
     5.-2. As to the sex of the person who may succeed, they are, 1st. General, as extending to males or females of the body, without exception. 2d. Special, as admitting only one sex to the succession, and excluding the other sex.
     6.-3. As to the person by whom or by whose body those heirs are to be begotten, they are either, 1st. General, as to all the heirs of the body of a man or woman. 2d. Special, as to the heirs of the body of a man or woman begotten by a particular person, or to the heirs of the two bodies of a man and woman. On the several species of estates tail noticed under this division, it may be observed, that the same estate may at the same time, be general in one respect; as, for example, to all the heirs of the body in whatever degree they are related; and may be, special in another respect, as that these heirs shall be males, &c. Prest. on Estates, 383, 4.
     7. The law relating to entails is diversified in the several states. In Indiana and Louisiana they never existed they are unknown in Illinois and Vermont. In Ohio, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and New York, estates tail are converted into estates in fee simple by statute; and they may be barred by a simple conveyance in Pennsylvania. In Alabama, Missouri, Mississippi, New Jersey, Connecticut and North Carolina, they have been modified, and in Georgia, they have been abolished without reservation. Griff. Reg. h.t. Vide, generally, 8 Vin. Ab. 227 to 272; 10 Id. 257 to 269; 20 Id. 163; Bac. Ab. Estate in tail; 4 Com. Dig. 17; 4 Kent, Com. 12; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; and. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 188, where an attempt is made to prove that an estate resembling an estate tail was not unknown to the Romans.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to scientific literature, there are physiological and behavioral evidence suggesting that tail docking methods are acutely painful to sheep (NATIONAL FARM ANIMAL CARE COUNCIL, 2013; SUTHERLAND & TUCKER, 2011; COCKRAM et al., 2012).
And the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) - the regulatory body for veterinary surgeons in the UK - said it considered tail docking to be "an unjustified mutilation and unethical unless done for therapeutic or acceptable prophylactic reasons".
Tail Docking. According to the Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights (AVAR), tail docking--also referred to as tail amputation--has been routinely performed since the days of the Romans, who thought that the practice would prevent rabies.
"The AVMA opposes ear cropping and tail docking of dogs when done solely for cosmetic purposes.
These results are in accordance with those reported by Joubert and Ueckermann (1971) who found no difference in weight gain and live weight from tail docking to slaughter weight at 100 days of age in Namaqua Afrikaner, Pedi and Blackhead Persian ewes.
Many lambs are subjected to tail docking; the most commonly used method is to place a rubber band around the tail to cut off the blood supply until eventually it falls off.
Despite routine painful mutilations such as tail docking and teeth clipping of piglets being prohibited, research has shown that these could be commonplace on many British farms.
A DOG owner has been punished for allowing the illegal tail docking of five puppies.
She took her own dogs to the vet on a regular basis and her vet had never mentioned the issue of tail docking to her.
THE Country Land and Business Association has described the Farm Animal Welfare Council's call for an end to lamb castration and tail docking as unnecessary and unworkable.
Farmed animals are also subjected to painful mutilations--such as castration, tail docking, de-beaking, and branding--all without anesthesia.
In Sweden, tail docking is forbidden, farmers must administer a local anesthetic or a sedative for dehorning, and cows must be kept on pasture for at least two to four months out of the year.