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Tail

Limited, abridged, reduced, or curtailed.

An estate in tail is a legally recognizable interest of inheritance that goes to the heirs of the donee's body instead of descending to the donee's heirs generally. The heirs of the donee's body are his or her lawful issue (children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and so on, in a direct line for as long as the descendants endure in a regular order and course of descent). Upon the death of the first owner to die without issue, the estate tail ends.

Cross-references

Entail.

See: end, termination

tail

the limitation of an estate or interest to a person and the heirs of his body, or an estate or interest limited in this way.

TAIL. An estate tail is an estate of inheritance, to a man or a woman and his or her heirs of his or her body, or heirs of his body of a particular description, or to several persons and the heirs of their bodies, or the heirs generally or specially of the body or bodies of one person, or several bodies. Prest. on Estates, 355; Cruise, tit. 2, c. 1, s. 12.
     2. Estates tail, as qualified "in their limitation and extent, are of several sorts. They have different denominations, according to the circumstances under which, or the persons to whom they are limited. They are usually divided into estates tail general or special.
     3. But they may be more advantageously arranged under the following classes.
     4.-1. As to the extent of the degree to which the estates may descend, they are, 1st, general; 2d, qualified.
     5.-2. As to the sex of the person who may succeed, they are, 1st. General, as extending to males or females of the body, without exception. 2d. Special, as admitting only one sex to the succession, and excluding the other sex.
     6.-3. As to the person by whom or by whose body those heirs are to be begotten, they are either, 1st. General, as to all the heirs of the body of a man or woman. 2d. Special, as to the heirs of the body of a man or woman begotten by a particular person, or to the heirs of the two bodies of a man and woman. On the several species of estates tail noticed under this division, it may be observed, that the same estate may at the same time, be general in one respect; as, for example, to all the heirs of the body in whatever degree they are related; and may be, special in another respect, as that these heirs shall be males, &c. Prest. on Estates, 383, 4.
     7. The law relating to entails is diversified in the several states. In Indiana and Louisiana they never existed they are unknown in Illinois and Vermont. In Ohio, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and New York, estates tail are converted into estates in fee simple by statute; and they may be barred by a simple conveyance in Pennsylvania. In Alabama, Missouri, Mississippi, New Jersey, Connecticut and North Carolina, they have been modified, and in Georgia, they have been abolished without reservation. Griff. Reg. h.t. Vide, generally, 8 Vin. Ab. 227 to 272; 10 Id. 257 to 269; 20 Id. 163; Bac. Ab. Estate in tail; 4 Com. Dig. 17; 4 Kent, Com. 12; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; and. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 188, where an attempt is made to prove that an estate resembling an estate tail was not unknown to the Romans.

References in periodicals archive ?
Poverty, after all, is not only caused by strong headwinds; it is also characterised by a lack of tail winds. If we work on creating more tail winds - by giving poor children more advantages - we can solve many otherwise intractable problems.
If I win a million on the Lottery this week, and, God willing, have a fair run and a tail wind before my final departure call, my estate should hopefully read Net Assets Nil.
Chiu Tai-san, a senior Taiwanese official, has said that the authorities will investigate the allegations while Billy Chang, the head of Taiwan's Civil Aeronautics Administration, believes that the Chinese pilots had followed the Taiwanese rule but had been aided by a tail wind that allowed speedier flights.
Chambers won in 9.95 seconds from Lewis-Francis in 9.97 - though both times will not be ratified as career bests because of an illegal tail wind - with Gardener third (10.11) while Greene could only finish sixth in 10.24.
Tour debutants Oliver Naesen and Alexis Gougeard, alongside Markel Irizar and Andreas Schillinger, made their move near the 30-kilometer mark and quickly increased the gap, helped by tail wind.
The blimp s speed was on display Monday as the ship, aided by a tail wind, eclipsed 80 miles per hour.
It''s less coming back from Ireland because of the tail wind.
Jarrow and Hebburn's Hazel Robson contested a mixed category 100 metres and took advantage of a tail wind to record 15.34secs.
But the tail wind meant the microlight didn't slow down fast enough and was heading straight for a 10ft hedge, forcing Mr Doyle, of North Shields, North Tyneside, to turn.
Sir Terry admitted some major competitors were benefiting from"a little bit of tail wind as people look around and try them out to see if they're cheaper".
Even a 182 turbo seems like hotrod at 18,000 feet, and there's nothing like catching a good tail wind and clocking along at 190-200 knots over the ground on a clear night.
With a tail wind, it would have been more difficult to stop on the runway.