Tallage: Tallage was a customary, if arbitrary, tax levied on the towns and domain land of the Crown.
Under John, the levies of tallage were much more frequent than previously, with per capita assessments being used in preference to collective offers.
In the period before 1204-05, tallage was levied three times, but six times afterwards.
A final tallage is recorded in John's reign in 1214, charged against manors and towns, with the aim of raising money to help pay the indemnity for the withdrawal of the papal interdict, (28) originally at 100,000 marks [Mitchell, 1914, p.
Whilst they could no longer pay the tallages
, the wealthier Jews still owned substantial property, so that by expelling them and requisitioning their property, Edward was able to acquire substantial funding.
They paid their taxes and tallages
to the sheriff and maintained lively contact with Jews of other English cities and those on the Continent.
Waleys served as Henry III's serjeant and received protection and safe conduct for overseas business ventures as well as exemptions from tallages
, prises, prests, and service on various judicial panels in London and elsewhere.
Not only are there records of the severe tallages
levied against the Jews and Jewish properties, and prohibitions against buying and selling, but the last remaining means by which the Jewish community generated income was outlawed in 1275.
But yet to speake a truth, by his proceedings, after he had atteined to the crowne, what with such taxes, tallages
, subsidies and exactions as he was constreined to charge the people with; and what by punishing such as mooued with disdeine to see him usurpe the crowne (contrarie to the oth taken at his entring into this land, upon his return from exile) did at sundrie times rebell against him, he wan himself more hatred, than in all his life time (if it had beene longer by manie years than it was) had beene possible for him to haue weeded out & remooued.
Nor can the king there, by himself or by his ministers, impose tallages
, subsidies, or any other burdens whatever on his subjects, nor change their laws, nor make new ones, without the concession or assent of his whole realm expressed in his parliament.
If he were to rule over them with a power only royal, he could be able to change the laws of the realm, and also impose on them tallages
and other burdens without consulting them; this is the sort of dominion which the civil laws indicate when they state that "what pleased the prince has the force of law.