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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
(Table-I) Three patients (one in type A and two in type C) got poor evaluation and suffered from obviouspain and dysfunction the X-ray showed that the joint space was blurred and they were diagnosed as traumatic arthritis two of which got pain relief after treatment and the other patient accepted tarsometatarsal joint arthrodesis.
The surgical target is different because ofdifferent structure and function in three columns" theory in tarsometatarsal joint. From the anatomical and functional view the medial and intermediate columns play predominant roles in maintaining the inelasticity of foot and absorbing shock compared with the lateral column in balancing the weightbearing on forefoot.
The injuries to the fourth and fifth tarsometatarsal joints: A review of the surgical management by internal fixation, arthrodesis and arthroplasty
Radiographs revealed a fracture-dislocation of the first and second tarsometatarsal joints, with dorsal dislocation of the proximal second metatarsal.
During the procedure the fourth and fifth tarsometatarsal joints were approached via a dorsal longitudinal incision and dorsal dislocation of both joints was visualized.
The physician made a longitudinal incision over the second metatarsal joint, then another incision was made over the area of the fourth and fifth tarsometatarsal joints. All of the metatarsal dorsal subluxations were reduced back into their normal position (pushed toward the planter surface) in preparation for repair by internal fixation.
It will be seen that the axis passes vertically through the body and ends in the foot in an area which is just anterior to the tarsometatarsal joints. It can be appreciated what the significance of a flexion deformity would be in terms of retaining this axis when fitting a prosthetic limb, in terms of balance and weight bearing.
These hobbling methods were considered unsuccessful because they caused inward rotation of up to 170[degrees] in the tarsometatarsal joints of the birds.
Charcot's osteoarthropathy may affect the forefoot, the tarsometatarsal joints, the Chopart's or naviculocuneiform joints, and the ankle or subtalar joints, or be isolated to the calcaneus.