The secondary outcome measures of interest were subjective improvements in the number of tender points
, the score on a Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), and the score for quality of life (QOL).
The results of circumference in the present study demonstrated that the tender point
suspended moxibustion has no advantage on reducing the swelling of DOMS compared with other treatments.
(39) Diminished circulation is associated with presence of tender points
. (40) CoQ10, involved in aerobic cellular respiration, increases exercise endurance in normal volunteers and when combined with Gingko biloba improves tissue perfusion and quality of life measures in FM patients.
The correlation between age, number of tender points
, frequency of performing exercise, BMI, and Beighton score of participants was studied.
Self-reported somatosensory symptoms of neuropathic pain in fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain correlate with tender point
count and pressure-pain thresholds.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain and reduced pressure pain threshold (tender points
" are localized tender areas of the body that can bring on widespread pain and muscle spasm when touched.
The tender points
are evidence of the presence of the disease in the soft tissues and muscle tissues, and of the pain syndrome.
According to the American College of Rheumatology's 1990 classification criteria, patients must have widespread pain and tenderness in 11 of 18 tender points
in order to be diagnosed with fibromyalgia.
Although the committee established a wide variety of symptoms common to the syndrome, widespread pain and tender points
were the most common.
As can be seen in figure 1, there was a 33% reduction in pain as measured by the tender points
, and even greater gains in each of the self-rated measures.
In an attempt to remedy this confusion, the American College of Rheumatology has defined FM as widespread bodily pain together with pain on digital palpation in 11 to 18 tender point
sites, but not including fatigue, or stiffness of swollen joints among the diagnostic criteria (Farrar et al., 1995).