So, relations between any two world-points can be discussed in a tenseless
fashion, just as one would discuss relations between points plotted on graph paper.
The progressive aspect of the tenseless
present participles in the novel helps the narration mingle both present and past.
Higginbotham discusses the differences between tensed and tenseless
thoughts, the parallels between tense in thought and tense in language, and he shows the consequences for an appropriate semantic theory.
Music being tenseless
, no one cares whether Rick Blaine hears the strains of the orchestra that Steiner slips beneath Sam's piano as the music migrates from diegesis to narrative in Casablanca, but we distinguish clearly and for good reason between the youthful protagonist and the older narrator in To Kill a Mockingbird or Angela's Ashes, even though they are the same person.
A chapter also looks temporal anaphora in the tenseless
language of Yucatec.
In other words, being a tenseless
participle, the imperfective participles do not involve two possibilities discussed in (2a).
Moreover, just as on a map all points are displayed simultaneously at different locations of the same extended space, regardless of when or from what point of view the map is looked at, so in the B-series, as Delmas Kiernan-Lewis observes, "all temporal items are stretched out in a tenseless
array," a continuity of succession whose elements are ordered according to the unchanging relations of prior to, simultaneous with, or subsequent to each other (322).
67-70) It is as if Ulysses, like Tennyson, were as reluctant to end his life as those final, tenseless
infinitives--staring off into space and time--are reluctant to end the poem.
Thus, the Merovingian becomes the voice for hard determinism in the face of Neo's libertarian position on free will and the Oracle's tenseless
(8) See McTaggart's "The Unreality of Time." The distinction between "tensed" and "tenseless
" views of time comes from D.H.
Thus construed, the moments and events comprising Hamlet are "spread out in actual juxtaposition," thereby constituting a "permanent order of succession" or "tenseless
array," exactly like the moments and events comprising the B-series aspect of time (to quote phrases respectively from Philip Turetzky and Delmas Kiernan-Lewis regarding B-time).