tenure


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Tenure

A right, term, or mode of holding or occupying something of value for a period of time.

In feudal law, the principal mode or system by which a person held land from a superior in exchange for the rendition of service and loyalty to the grantor.

The status given to an educator who has satisfactorily completed teaching for a trial period and is, therefore, protected against summary dismissal by the employer.

A length of time during which an individual has a right to occupy a public or private office.

In a general sense, the term tenure describes the length of time that a person holds a job, position, or something of value. In the context of academic employment, tenure refers to a faculty appointment for an indefinite period of time. When an academic institution gives tenure to an educator, it gives up the right to terminate that person without good cause.

In medieval England, tenure referred to the prevailing system of land ownership and land possession. Under the tenure system, a landholder, called a tenant, held land at the will of a lord, who gave the tenant possession of the land in exchange for a good or service provided by the tenant. The various types of arrangements between the tenant and lord were called tenures. The most common tenures provided for military service, agricultural work, economic tribute, or religious duties in exchange for land.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

tenure

n. 1) in real property, the right to possess the property. 2) in employment contracts, particularly of public employees like school teachers or professors, a guaranteed right to a job (barring substantial inability to perform or some wrongful act) once a probationary period has passed.

tenure

the holding or occupying of property, especially realty, in return for services rendered, etc. See, for example FEUDAL SYSTEM.

TENURE, estates. The manner in which lands or tenements are holden.
     2. According to the English law, all lands are held mediately or immediately from the king, as lord paramount and supreme proprietor of all the lands in the kingdom. Co. Litt. 1 b, 65 a; 2 Bl. Com. 105.
     3. The idea of tenure; pervades, to a considerable degree, the law of real property in the several states; the title to land is essentially allodial, and every tenant in fee simple has an absolute and perfect title, yet in technical language, his estate is called an estate in fee simple, and the tenure free and common socage. 3 Kent, Com. 289, 290. In the states formed out of the North Western Territory, it seems that the doctrine of tenures is not in force, and that real estate is owned by an absolute and allodial title. This is owing to the wise provisions on this subject contained in the celebrated ordinance of 1787. Am. Jur. No. 21, p. 94, 5. In New York, 1 Rev. St. 718; Pennsylvania, 5 Rawle, R. 112; Connecticut, 1 Rev. L. 348 and Michigan, Mich. L. 393, feudal tenures have been abolished, and lands are held by allodial titles. South Carolina has adopted the statute, 12 C. II., c. 24, which established in England the tenure of free and common socage. 1 Brev. Dig. 136. Vide Wright on Tenures; Bro. h.t.; Treatises of Feuds and Tenures by Knight's service; 20 Vin Ab. 201; Com. Dig. h.t.; Bac. Ab. h. Thom. Co. Litt. Index, h.t.; Sulliv. Lect. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Directors' tenure is another interesting variable that has seldom been explored in prior research.
Second, the path to tenure actually undermines academic freedom.
It could be recalled that the Zamfara State House of Assembly on Wednesday extended the tenure of all the 14 local government chairmen in the state by three months.
The Good Government Reform and Judiciary, a joint committee to whom the Act was assigned on November 6, 2018, says the purpose of the bill is to correct the inadequate and inconsistent manner in which the Legislature awarded tenure to government institutions in the past.
Second, tenure should allow researchers to pursue high risk and unpopular research without having to worry about any pushback from higher authorities.
According to a statement issued by the Gallup and Gilani Pakistan, the same question was asked 5 years ago in 2013 when Nawaz Sharif's tenure as Prime Minister was starting, 61% said it will be better than the previous tenure, 13% said it will be worse while 25% said it will be the same as before.
In response to this question, 52% said it will be better than the previous tenure. The recent survey was carried out among a sample of 1468 men and women in rural and urban areas of all four provinces of the country from August 20 - August 27, 2018.
For most of the world's poor and vulnerable people, secure property rights, including land tenure, are a rarely accessible luxury.
ISLAMABAD -- The deposed prime minister Nawaz Sharif has said that Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) put the country on the road of development and adding that they were only responsible for its tenure.
Originally enacted to protect against potential evils in state and local employment systems, such as nepotism, arbitrary dismissal, and political favoritism, tenure has become a common expectation of teacher employment.
The ruling coalition parties are open to a discussion about tenure restrictions proposed by Latvian President Raimonds Vejonis.
Following the revision, the bank's MCLR for overnight tenure will be 7.95 per cent, 8.05 percent for one month-tenure, 8.25 percent for three month-tenure and 8.35 percent for six month-tenure, the bank said.