Territory

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Territory

A part of a country separated from the rest and subject to a particular jurisdiction.

The term territory has various meanings in different contexts. Generally, the term refers to a particular or indeterminate geographical area. In a legal context, territory usually denotes a geographical area that has been acquired by a particular country but has not been recognized as a full participant in that country's affairs. In the United States, Guam is one example of a territory. Though it is considered a part of the United States and is governed by the U.S. Congress, Guam does not have full rights of statehood, such as full representation in Congress or full coverage under the U.S. Constitution.

The term territory is also used in the law to describe an assigned area of responsibility. A salesperson, for example, may work in a certain area. A salesperson's territory may be legally significant in a contract case. Assume that Sally has agreed to sell widgets on commission in a specific territory on the condition that no other seller from the widget supplier will do business in that territory. If the supplier arranges for another seller to encroach on Sally's territory, Sally may take legal action against the supplier.

Cross-references

Territories of the United States.

TERRITORY. Apart of a country, separated from the rest, and subject to a particular jurisdiction. The word is derived from terreo, and is so called because the magistrate within his jurisdiction has the power of inspiring a salutary fear. Dictum cat ab eo quod magistratus intra fines ejus terrendi jus habet. Henrion de Pansy, Auth. Judiciare, 98. In speaking of the ecclesiastical jurisdictions, Francis Duaren observes, that the ecclesiastics are said not to have territory, nor the power of arrest or removal, and are not unlike the Roman magistrates of whom Gellius says vocationem habebant non prehensionem. De Sacris Eccl. Minist. lib. 1, cap. 4. In the sense it is used in the constitution of the United States, it signifies a portion of the country subject to and belonging to the United States, which is not within the boundary of any of them.
     2. The constitution of the United States, art. 4, s. 3, provides, that "the congress shall have power to dispose of, and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property of the United States; and nothing in this constitution shall be construed, so as to preclude the claims of the United States or of any state."
     3. Congress possesses the power to erect territorial governments within the territory of the United States; the power of congress over such territory is exclusive and universal, and their legislation is subject to no control, unless in the case of ceded territory, as far as it may be affected by stipulations in the cessions, or by the ordinance of 1787, 3 Story's L. U. S. 2073, under which any part of it has been settled. Story on the Const. Sec. 1322; Rawle on the Const: 237; 1 Kent's Com. 243, 359; 1 Pet. S. C. Rep. 511, 542, 517.
     4. The only organized territories of the United States are Oregon, Minnesota, New Mexico and Utah. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
The bill was a consequential amendment from the formulation of the Syarie Legal Profession (Federal Territories) Bill 2019, which was aimed at amending the Administration of Islamic Law (Federal Territories) Act 1993.
In a message to the leadership of UN bodies, Aliyev writes that the report provides irrefutable evidence of Armenia's ongoing activities in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, such as the accommodation of settlers in the territories from which Azerbaijanis living there were evicted the plundering and exploitation of natural, agricultural and water resources, alteration of infrastructure and destruction and desecration of historical and cultural heritage sites.
The Treasury said the new versions of the coins are expected to feature images celebrating the heritage of the territories, with their history and culture pictured on the reverse side.
Currently, these operations are not geographically connected to other Consolidated territories, while they are contiguous to United operations.
Although diamonds are the backbone of mining industry, the Northwest Territories' mining potential also includes precious and base metals, rare earth elements and more.
2008, we used territory mapping with song playback to estimate area of Cassin's sparrow breeding territories (Bibby et al., 2000; Budnik et al., 2000).
(36) The Treaties of Osnabriick and Munster (37) divided international legal personality between territorial states which were sovereign equals and which possessed exclusive jurisdiction within their territories. (38) Thus, beginning from 1648, international law has primarily revolved around states.
In an important sense, however, colonized territories are constituted through logics different from those of nationalizing territory that are driven, at least initially, by logics of self-determination.
Companies that get the most from their entire sales force shrink the overloaded territories that often make average reps look like all stars (and cost you both market share and commission accelerators at the same time).
The instruction manual calls for accurately treating ''the northern territories as part of our nation's territory,'' while it instructs teachers ''to provide a deeper understanding [of the Takeshima islets] as our nation's territory in the same manner as the northern territories.'' In this regard, the manual calls for teachers to refer to disagreement between Japan and South Korea over the Takeshima islets.
Ungoverned territories include failed or fairing states, areas within established states where it cannot exert control, and poorly controlled border areas.