territory


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to territory: Union Territory, Indian Territory

Territory

A part of a country separated from the rest and subject to a particular jurisdiction.

The term territory has various meanings in different contexts. Generally, the term refers to a particular or indeterminate geographical area. In a legal context, territory usually denotes a geographical area that has been acquired by a particular country but has not been recognized as a full participant in that country's affairs. In the United States, Guam is one example of a territory. Though it is considered a part of the United States and is governed by the U.S. Congress, Guam does not have full rights of statehood, such as full representation in Congress or full coverage under the U.S. Constitution.

The term territory is also used in the law to describe an assigned area of responsibility. A salesperson, for example, may work in a certain area. A salesperson's territory may be legally significant in a contract case. Assume that Sally has agreed to sell widgets on commission in a specific territory on the condition that no other seller from the widget supplier will do business in that territory. If the supplier arranges for another seller to encroach on Sally's territory, Sally may take legal action against the supplier.

Cross-references

Territories of the United States.

territory

noun ager, area, beat, circuit, clime, demesne, district, division, domain, dominion, environs, expanse, field, land, latitude, locale, place, precinct, province, quarter, realm, regio, region, scene, section, terrain, tract, zone
See also: area, bailiwick, capacity, circuit, district, domain, dominion, estate, freehold, jurisdiction, land, locality, location, parcel, possessions, property, province, purview, realm, region, scope, section, site, space, sphere, venue, vicinity, zone

TERRITORY. Apart of a country, separated from the rest, and subject to a particular jurisdiction. The word is derived from terreo, and is so called because the magistrate within his jurisdiction has the power of inspiring a salutary fear. Dictum cat ab eo quod magistratus intra fines ejus terrendi jus habet. Henrion de Pansy, Auth. Judiciare, 98. In speaking of the ecclesiastical jurisdictions, Francis Duaren observes, that the ecclesiastics are said not to have territory, nor the power of arrest or removal, and are not unlike the Roman magistrates of whom Gellius says vocationem habebant non prehensionem. De Sacris Eccl. Minist. lib. 1, cap. 4. In the sense it is used in the constitution of the United States, it signifies a portion of the country subject to and belonging to the United States, which is not within the boundary of any of them.
     2. The constitution of the United States, art. 4, s. 3, provides, that "the congress shall have power to dispose of, and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property of the United States; and nothing in this constitution shall be construed, so as to preclude the claims of the United States or of any state."
     3. Congress possesses the power to erect territorial governments within the territory of the United States; the power of congress over such territory is exclusive and universal, and their legislation is subject to no control, unless in the case of ceded territory, as far as it may be affected by stipulations in the cessions, or by the ordinance of 1787, 3 Story's L. U. S. 2073, under which any part of it has been settled. Story on the Const. Sec. 1322; Rawle on the Const: 237; 1 Kent's Com. 243, 359; 1 Pet. S. C. Rep. 511, 542, 517.
     4. The only organized territories of the United States are Oregon, Minnesota, New Mexico and Utah. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
The 1987 Constitution introduces a modified definition of the national territory with the deletion of the reference to territory claimed by legal or historic title.
This territory includes nine sales centers, plus a production facility in Mobile, Ala.
The Northern Standard was the only Territory newspaper between 1932 and 1941, except for the brief appearance of the communist Proletarian in 1934.
Part II analyses and critiques the territory requirement in international law, arguing that the loss of territory does not imperil a modern-day Atlantis's statehood.
5% of persons 18 years and above in the Palestinian Territory are reported as smokers, divided into 42.
Blandford Bolte, Central territory, began his sales career in the lumber industry, working for several prominent manufacturers.
According to Callidus the territory optimisation solution, powered by Mapping Analytics' ProAlign Sales Territory Alignment & Optimization Software, allows business users to map company locations, salespeople, customers, prospects and other relevant data to ensure territories are balanced based on critical productivity targets.
The economic growth forecast for the Territory is markedly up on the last financial year that the report revised upwards to 1 per cent, still the lowest growth in the country.
KEEP TERRITORY DESIGN SYSTEM IN SYNC WITH SPM AND CRM SOLUTIONS AND USE THE BEST INTERFACE FOR ANY GIVEN TASK
On which continent did British territory once stretch across the Northern and Southern hemispheres?
Mitchell Moret has been named regional vice president of the Central Great Lakes territory.
In particular, directors of field operations and territory managers (LMSB leaders who possess line authority over revenue agents in tax cases) were affected, some of whom ended up being responsible for different LMSB teams and taxpayers.