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To make accessible, visible, or available; to submit to review, examination, or inquiry through the elimination of restrictions or impediments.

To open a judgment means to render it capable of reexamination by removing or relaxing the bar of its finality. A judgment is ordinarily opened at the insistence of a party who is able to show good cause as to why the execution of the judgment would be inequitable.

To open a court is to formally announce, ordinarily through the bailiff, that the session has commenced and that the business before the tribunal will proceed.

The term open is also used as an adjective in reference to that which is patent, visible, apparent, or notorious, such as a defect in a product, or conduct such as lewdness.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

TO OPEN, OPENING. To open a case is to make a statement of the pleadings in a case, which is called the opening.
     2. The opening should be concise, very distinct and perspicuous. Its use is to enable the judge and jury to direct their attention to the real merits of the case, and the points in issue. 1 Stark. R. 439;S. C. 2 E. C. L. R. 462; 2 Stark. R. 31; S. C 3 Eng. C. L. R. 230.
     3. The opening address or speech is that made immediately after the evidence has been closed; such address usually states, 1st. The full extent of the plaintiff's claims, and the circumstances under which they are made, to show that they are just and reasonable. 2d. At least an outline of the evidence by which those claims are to be established. 3d. The legal grounds and authorities in favor of the claim or of the proposed evidence. 4th. An anticipation of the expected defence, and statement of the grounds on which it is futile, "either in law or justice, and the reasons why it ought to fail. 3 Chit. Pr. 881; 3 Bouv. Inst. n. 3044, et seq. To open a judgment, is to set it aside.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
China's claim is an attempt to bring the open seas of the South China Sea under the UNCLOS definition 'internal waters,' giving it almost the same authority as territorial waters.
On the other hand, fishers who operate in the open sea have their communities located in specific points of the coast, having good urban infrastructure, which, during the summer, are much sought out by tourists.
At the meeting, many issues concerning the sport of swimming in the GCC will be discussed, most especially the final preparations ahead of the open sea event at the Beach Games.
Now, wealthy Russians are invading the open seas, swapping fancy cars for multi-million dollar yachts with a sharp increase in the number of high-class boats over the past year.
Although these figures have remained more or less stable for the past 15 years, the state of the stocks of certain species captured exclusively or partially in the open sea outside of national jurisdictions causes serious concerns.
Its shifting channels within the bay and perilous passes to the open sea provoked disputes over the efficacy of human engineering.
In Raetz's universe, a bent piece of metal becomes a view of the open sea.
Taking three years, five crews, and a small armada of flying devices, Perrin and colleagues bring us wing tip to wing tip with birds migrating over seven continents and the open sea, showing us both the majesty and rigors of these marathon flights.
Godin's mathematical models of the shadows, which he chronicles in an upcoming Journal of Geophysical Research (Oceans), suggest that even though speeding tsunamis are only centimeters tall on the open sea, they significantly disrupt winds just above the ocean's surface.
Parents and kids can enjoy the activities, check out the Family Pride Coalition workshops, and spend quality time together on the open sea.
A shark swims over the Open Sea Tunnel in the Passages of the Deep exhibit at the Oregon Coast Aquarium.
It is also only 340 miles south of Baghdad, close to the border with Iran, and 75 miles from the open sea of the Persian Gulf.