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THEOCRACY. A species of government which claims to be immediately directed by God.
     2. La religion qui, dans l'antiquite, s'associa souvent au despotisms, pour regner. par son bras ou a son ombrage, a quelquefois tents de regner seule. Clest ce qu'elle appelait le regne de Dieu, la thiocratie. Matter, De l'influence des Moeurs sur les lois, et de l'influence dos Lois sur les moeurs, 189. Religion, which in former times, frequently associated itself with despotism, to reign, by its power, or under its shadow, has sometimes attempted to reign alone, and this she has called the reign of God, theocracy.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
'She did not support theocracy but she questioned liberalism and secularism as ideologies,' she said, adding that it was unfortunate that many continue to think of emancipation in the binary of theocracy/secularism.
Republican President Donald Trump is particularly opposed to Assad, calling him "animal" and Iran's theocracy (see news13SyrMiS9-16Apr18).
But MiS, the 32-year old Saudi "genius" close to Trump and other powers in global politics, is bent on up-rooting both Iran's Shi'ite theocracy and all its Arab-based proxies like the Houthis and Iran's Lebanese unit Hizbullah,
Closer relations between Saudi Arabia and the US under a new Republican administration are of major importance to Riyadh in view of a serious conflict between the Wahhabi kingdom and the Shi'ite theocracy. The same is true in the case of other Arab and OIC states whose moderate rulers are invited to be in Riyadh for summit talks with Trump requested by the US president (see news19IrnSaudUS-8May17).
Whether this is true or not, the IRGC controls Iran's nuclear and global geo-strategic ambitions - though officially the top man in this vast country is the theocracy's Supreme Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamenei.
On the eve of the Quaid's death anniversary let us reiterate our total rejection of the state being guided by theocracy instead of democracy, modernity and welfare, he said.
His tribal-based Arab movement in Iraq has become the main challenge to Iran's Safawi theocracy. He blames the QF for most of the problems affecting Iraq.
Only since the last US troops left Iraq in late 2011 did Baghdad's Safawi Shi'ite PM, Nuri al-Maleki, a puppet of Tehran's Safawi theocracy led by extremists, let this Arab country fall under the control of the co-ruling Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
Lieberman and scientist Ogi Ogas are incorrect in saying that there used to be a "psychoanalytic theocracy."
The author explores whether an Islamic theocracy as a system of government is compatible with international human rights and whether there is a relationship between human rights violations and the implementation of an Islamic regime.
They do not regard the Tehran theocracy as being Islamic, calling it a "racist Persian regime which looks down on the Arabs as inferior people".