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The ability, capability, or fitness to do something; a legal right, power, or competency to perform some act. An ability to comprehend both the nature and consequences of one's acts.

Capacity relates to soundness of mind and to an intelligent understanding and perception of one's actions. It is the power either to create or to enter into a legal relation under the same conditions or circumstances as a person of sound mind or normal intelligence would have the power to create or to enter.

A person of normal intelligence and sound mind has the capacity to dispose of his or her property by will as he or she sees fit.

A capacity defense is used in both criminal and civil actions to describe a lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for one's action that nullifies the element of intent when intent is essential to the action, thereby relieving a person of responsibility for it.

An individual under duress lacks the capacity to contract; a child under the age of seven accused of committing a crime lacks criminal capacity.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


the ability of a person to effect a legal transaction. The paradigm natural person of full age and sound mind usually has full capacity. Others face limitations from time to time and system to system, such as, for example, the young, the mentally ill and corporations.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CAPACITY. This word, in the law sense, denotes some ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural, or artificial, for the performance of civil acts, depending on their state or condition, as defined or fixed by law; as, the capacity to devise, to bequeath, to grant or convey lands; to take; or to take. and hold lands to make a contract, and the like. 2 Com. Dig. 294; Dane's Abr. h.t.
     2. The constitution requires that the president, senators, and representatives should have attained certain ages; and in the case of the senators and representatives, that out these they have no capacity to serve in these offices.
     3. All laws which regulate the capacity of persons to contract, are considered personal laws; such are the laws which relate to minority and majority; to the powers of guardians or parents, or the disabilities of coverture. The law of the domicil generally governs in cases of this kind. Burge. on Sureties, 89.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The intensity of specific thermal capacity of PHB could be associated with crystalline domains that favor heat conduction.
Side by side Wapda operating in rest of the country, Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC) looking after Karachi metropolis, having 56 MW thermal capacity in 1960 had increased it to 493 MW by 1977.
Based on the valuation of brokerage firm CLSA, the total worth of AC Energy's assets had been P135 billion or US$3.6 billion - and the thermal capacity accounts for 80-percent or about $2.1 billion for the 1,300 megawatts of attributable capacity of coal-fed fleets.
Many power firms are phasing out ageing coal-fired power plants and overall we expect to see a decline in thermal capacity over the forecast period.
[USPRwire, Tue Feb 09 2016] Germany will not diverge from its renewable-focused energy policy trajectory - meaning thermal capacity will continue to be squeezed out of the market due to low wholesale electricity prices and unattractive margins.
The ultrafast processing and connectivity of 2013 Mac Pro is made possible by the new unified thermal core; instead of utilizing multiple heat sinks and fans to cool the computer's processor and graphics cards, Apple designed a core out of a single piece of aluminum that maximizes airflow and thermal capacity by conducting heat away from the CPU and GPUs and distributing the heat evenly across the core of the Mac Pro.
OGK-2 (OGK2 RX - Buy) is a wholesale generation company operating 8.7GW of thermal capacity and controlled by Gazprom.
* specific thermal capacity of water ([c.sub.v]) [J.[kg.sup.-1] [K.sup.-1]]
That is equivalent to a thermal capacity of approximately 260 MW.
First, the nanoparticles were synthesized, and then they were dispersed within the base fluid."In order to study the behavior of heat transfer in fluids, it is necessary to measure some properties such as thermal conductivity, viscosity, density, and thermal capacity of the fluid, in addition to synthesize various nanofluids," Emami said"Moreover, it is necessary to determine different heat transfer factors including convectional heat transfer factor in constant temperature of the tube or the constant thermal flux.