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Related to thyroid artery: thyroid vein
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The major relations of the tubercle are the recurrent laryngeal nerve and the inferior thyroid artery and its branches.
In 96 (92%) patients, the inferior thyroid artery was identified.
Similar to the findings obtained in the present study, literature reports (Glenny, 1945a, 1948a; Erdogan, 2012) also indicate that the common carotid artery gives rise to the internal carotid artery, thyroid artery, vertebral trunk, tracheosyringeal artery and superficial cervical artery.
It then ascends in the neck, traveling from lateral to medial in an oblique course, crossing the inferior thyroid artery and eventually approaches the tracheoesophageal groove behind the common carotid artery.
A four vessel angiogram was then obtained which revealed an actively bleeding branch of the right inferior thyroid artery.
The internal branch of the SLN is accompanied by the superior laryngeal artery, which is a branch of superior thyroid artery, which in turn is the first branch of external carotid artery immediately after bifurcation of the common carotid artery.
The superior thyroid artery and vein were ligated, and the mass was elevated from the inner perichondrium of the thyroid cartilage.
The main blood supply is the inferior thyroid artery, as well as the superior thyroid artery, directly from thyroid.
The muscular branches coming from the superior thyroid artery and suprascapular artery supply the middle and lower part of sternocleidomastoid muscle.
The internal branch passes immediately inferior to the greater horn of the hyoid bone and approaches the thyrohyoid membrane accompanied by the superior laryngeal artery, a branch of the superior thyroid artery.