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Two of these groups were represented by one species each, amphibious responders (Ammannia multiflora) and low-growing amphibious tolerators (Centipeda nidiformis).
In prudential (non-moral) reasons, the self-interest of the tolerator is the only reason to tolerate.
Growth strategy Ruderal/competitor Stress tolerator Overall homeostasis 17.
In an introductory statement, for example, Lou Brown refers to the "horrible institution wards that were justified and evidenced by AAMD"; to children "excluded and rejected from public schools by too many of the continuum tolerators of CEC"; to "segregated activity centers and workshops that were owned and operated by ARCS"; and to unnatural living environments that were certified as acceptable by the ruling professionals" (p.
In these resource-poor communities, dominated by stress tolerators, additional N would favor the invasion of more competitive species, especially grasses.
Another intermediate group, competitive stress tolerators (C-S), is here represented by Quercus robur.
Diversity component Mean [+ or -] 1 SD P Alpha 4.8 [+ or -] 2.3 [less than]0.001 Gamma 16 Beta (total) 3.6 [+ or -] 1.9 [less than]0.05 Beta (local) 2.3 [+ or -] 1.2 [less than]0.05 Comp (total) 0.72 [+ or -] 0.13 [less than]0.01 Comp (local) 0.67 [+ or -] 0.25 [less than]0.001 Notes: Diversity values were recalculated using only the 16 woody species that were endemics, indicators, or tolerators. Significance levels are based on F values (df = 1, 45) from a MANOVA of diversity variables on treatment (patchy vs.
Subordinate species such as Thelypteris, Hydrocotyle, and Peucedanum may be considered stress tolerators in the sense of Grime (1979).