Seizure

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Seizure

Forcible possession; a grasping, snatching, or putting in possession.

In Criminal Law, a seizure is the forcible taking of property by a government law enforcement official from a person who is suspected of violating, or is known to have violated, the law. A Search Warrant usually must be presented to the person before his property is seized, unless the circumstances of the seizure justify a warrantless Search and Seizure. For example, the police may seize a pistol in the coat pocket of a person arrested during a Robbery without presenting a warrant because the search and seizure is incident to a lawful arrest. Certain federal and state laws provide for the seizure of particular property that was used in the commission of a crime or that is illegal to possess, such as explosives used in violation of federal law or illegal narcotics.

In the law of civil practice, the term refers to the act performed by an officer of the law under court order when she takes into custody the property of a person against whom a court has rendered a judgment to pay a certain amount of money to another. The property is seized so that it can be sold under the authority of the court to satisfy the judgment. Property can also be seized if a substantial likelihood exists that a defendant is concealing or removing property from the jurisdiction of the court so that in the event a judgment is rendered against her, the property cannot be used to pay the judgment. By attaching or seizing a defendant's property, the court prevents her from perpetrating a Fraud on the courts.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

seizure

n. the taking by law enforcement officers of potential evidence in a criminal case. The constitutional limitations on seizure are the same as for search. Thus, evidence seized without a search warrant or without "probable cause" to believe a crime has been committed and without time to get a search warrant, cannot be admitted in court, nor can evidence traced through the illegal seizure. (See: search and seizure, search warrant, fruit of the poisonous tree)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

SEIZURE, practice. The act of taking possession of the property of a person condemned by the judgment of a competent tribunal, to pay a certain sum of money, by a sheriff, constable, or other officer, lawfully authorized thereto, by virtue of an execution, for the purpose of having such property sold according to law to satisfy the judgment. By seizure is also meant the taking possession of goods for a violation of a public law; as the taking possession of a ship for attempting an illicit trade. 2 Cranch, 18 7; 6 Cowen, 404; 4 Wheat. 100; 1 Gallis. 75; 2 Wash. C. C. 127, 567.
     2. The seizure is complete as soon as the goods are within the power of the officer. 3 Rawle's Rep. 401; 16 Johns. Rep. 287; 2 Nott & McCord, 392; 2 Rawle's Rep. 142; Wats. on Sher. 172; Com. Dig. Execution, C 5.
     3. The taking of part of the goods in a house, however, by virtue of a fieri facias in the name of the whole, is a good seizure of all. 8 East, R. 474. As the seizure must be made by virtue of an execution, it is evident that it cannot be made after the return day. 2 Caine's Rep. 243; 4 John. R. 450. Vide Door; House; Search Warrant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
By other side, a decreased in the percentage of mice showing tonic seizures was observed in the three tested inflorescence extracts as follows: (a) in hexane extract at 300 mg/kg (33%) and 600 mg/kg (16%); (b) in methanol extract at 300 mg/kg (33%) and 600 mg/kg (83%); (c) in aqueous extract at 100 mg/kg (16%), 300 mg/kg (50%); and 600mg/kg (83%).
When not associated with tonic seizures, paroxysmal limb pain is a burning, aching, or itching that lasts several seconds to several minutes.
However, the "tonic seizures" (e.g., bilateral asymmetrical tonic seizures resulting from the medial frontal discharges) that is similarly likely to be seen in focal epilepsies was left under the generalized seizures heading.
In summary, this study showed that nimodipine (voltage-dependent calcium channel antagonist type L) decreased clonic and tonic seizures from Primphos in mice is probably the main mechanism anticonvulsant related to block calcium channels and reduce calcium flow within neurons.
The results on the onset of seizures were analyzed using the paired Student's t-test while the proportion of animals that exhibited tonic seizures was analyzed using the chi-squared test (Tallarida et al., 1981).
of Cases Percentage (%) Absence seizures 10 3.3 Complex partial seizures 16 13.3 Febrile seizures 1 .8 GTCS 74 61.7 Myoclonic seizures 9 7.5 Simple partial seizure 1 5.8 Tonic seizures 3 2.5 Total 120 100.0 GRAPH 3: SHOWING THE DISTRIBUTION OF SEIZURE TYPE IN PERCENTAGE Seizure Type Absence seizures 8.3% Complex partial seizures 13.3% Febrile seizures 0.8% GTCS 61.7% Myoclonic seizures 7.5% Simple partial seizure 5.8% Tonic seizures 2.5% Note: Table made from bar graph.
The seizures generally occur in children with development delay and often coexist with other seizure types, especially tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and tonic seizures. "These children often have a much poorer neurodevelopmental outcome, including less control of seizures, even with medication."
Diffuse cerebral atrophy: Seen in lcase out of 28 cases with generalized clonic tonic seizures with blurring of vision.
TONIC SEIZURES: Tonic seizures happen when all the muscles in the person's body go stiff.
Tonic seizures, where muscles contract continuously, along with developmental delay and behavioral problems, are the major symptoms associated with LGS.