trade union

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Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.


Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anyone who believes in a workplace of partnership and co-operation will oppose this Trade Union Bill.
Britain is a better place for the victories of the Trade Union and labour movement.
Labour has tabled amendments which would ensure that measures such as a reporting requirement for trade union "facility time" would not apply to services wholly or partly devolved.
The Bill seeks to change a number of trade union rights and has been attacked as undemocratic.
6% and 19% of the economically active population, depending on whether you believe official government statistics or the more wide-ranging trade union figures.
they want the trade unions to rear the chicks themselves to find out
Trade Unions, Democracy and Development in Pakistan.
1) It explains the evolution of South Africa's trade union movement during this period, and its role in governmental policies, economic development, civic activities, and social services.
So why does the Prime Minister attack workers rights when in many cases, like at Nissan, trade unions are an overwhelming force for good?
First, in relation to ballot thresholds, the current law provides that in order for a strike or other industrial action to be lawful at least 50 per cent of trade union members who responded to the relevant ballot must have voted in favour of the action.
THE Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) foundation is organising a conference and round-table discussion on the history and future prospects of trade unions in Cyprus on both sides of the divide.
He added "We sought through this training program, which runs from 2015 until 2018 to provide young people and women belonging to trade unions with the tools and international experience that will help them in promoting their trade unions and the consolidation of trade union action concepts, in particular, dialogue and bargaining and therefore serving the trade union movement in the Sultanate".

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