trade union


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Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.

Cross-references

Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
In all countries, trade unions have gone through three stages: suppression, limited acceptance and tolerance, and general acceptance and recognition.
According to international unions, the ideal representation is 30pc of women in trade unions and this is Bahrain's target as well.
But if we were a trade union, we might have arguments over policy that could mean that we end up with lowest common denominator positions, or spend time arguing with each other when we should be out there arguing the case for optics as a whole.
Asked about not calling trade unions other than BMS by inter-ministerial group on labour issues, Dattatrey said later that he held a meeting with all trade unions on July 18, 2016.
We have a tradition of working well with trade unions and have ensured as a result of that cooperation that every person work-king in the health service in Wales receives the living wage.
Trade union as an organization of workers essentially functions to over come the weakness of unorganized individual labor through collective action.
Unison says trade unions pay Conwy nearly PS10,000 for this service.
What Britain needs is a similar system to France and Germany, where employers see and understand the benefits of joining a trade union, in this way hopefully this reckless Trade Union Bill will be completely abolished.
Anyone who believes in a workplace of partnership and co-operation will oppose this Trade Union Bill.
For that reason traditionally workers' organization's standard unit is known as trade union, which is legally both nationally and internationally recognized as a channel for tripartite relationship.
Summary: The Federation of Trade Unions of Belarus (FTUB) and Confederation of Mongolian Trade Unions (CMTU) signed an agreement of cooperation to boost trade union activities between the two countries.
COUNCILLORS have shown solidarity with trade union members.

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