It is not so for traditionists
, not just because of different beliefs but because of an acknowledgement that those beliefs, and the people holding them, are themselves constituted by the tradition, cannot simply stand outside or above tradition, forcing it into the pattern of present-day beliefs.
9) Prominent traditionists
incorporated therein include the notorious Ka'b al-Ahbar, who is often fingered as a primary conduit of nefarious isra-iliyyat or "Jewish stuff" into nascent Islam, (10) as well as Mujahid, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Umar, 'Ali, Rabi', and al-Suddi.
60) Some of his students were particularly important as, for instance, the renowned traditionist
and Sufi of the sixth/twelfth century cAbd al-klaqq al-Azdi al-Ishbili, known as Ibn al-Kharrat (d.
On the one hand, traditionist
radicals came to deny any presumptive legitimacy to the whole apparatus of pre-modern Islam--madhhab subtlety and scholasticism, Sufi spirituality, not to mention popular religious practices such as tomb-veneration.
According to 'Abd al-Razzaq, the Meccan traditionist
Ibn Jurayj (d.
Ali) and adhering to a ritual law virtually indistinguishable from the traditionist
circles that would become Sunni (i.
4) Undoubtedly the most celebrated among these is his lengthy mystical manual, the 'Awarif al-ma'drif, a Sufi handbook whose influence on the early Sufi tariqa-lineages and their institutions is well evinced not only in the preeminent position that the text held within emergent Suhrawardiyya and Chishtiyya communities in North India beginning in the mid-seventh/ thirteenth century, (5) but also in its incorporation into early Kubrawi Persian Sufi manuals composed in Transoxiana (6) and its widespread transmission in Syrian, North African, and even Andalusian Sufi communities by individuals such as the well-traveled Egyptian Shafi'I jurist, traditionist
, and Sufi Ibn al-Qastallani (d.
Noting some confusion about names, the editor suggests that the 'Umar ibn 'Ubayda of the first of these is to be identified with 'Umar ibn 'Ubayd al-Tanafisi, an otherwise obscure traditionist
of the late second century.
As has been pointed out by Professor Walid Khalidi in his 1996 address at the Jerusalem Conference of the American Committee on Jerusalem, "The Prophet's isra to and miraj from Jerusalem became the source of inspiration of a vast body of devotional Muslim literature, as successive generations of Traditionists
, Koranic commentators, theologians, and mystics added their glosses and embellishments.
On many occasions the textual-contextualists havedifferences with the historical contextualists as they have differences with traditionists
19), without any comment, which states that "It must have been a very elaborate card-index of traditions and traditionists
that al-Sakhawi kept, with such excellent cross-references that he was obviously able at very short notice to compile a new treatise on the subject.
How could the Muslim traditionists
have introduced this type of reading to the Qur'an, a scripture that, as earlier noted, never mentions a single word about the Christian idea of the Second Advent?