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There were statistically significant differences between the experimental and control groups in terms of their clinical stress (p=0.006), trait anxiety (p=0.038), state anxiety (p=0.033), and clinical skill (p=0.009) scores.
(17) It contains 40 items--20 items are used to measure trait anxiety asking how they generally feel and 20 to measure state anxiety asking how they feel currently--rated on a 4-point Likert scale.
In this study, wrestlers who are at the same level with national wrestlers and play at U23, is analyzed the relationship between their life satisfaction and trait anxiety. 100 national wrestler men, as an 50 greco roman style and 50 freestyle wrestlers who are concern with national wrestling sport, play a part voluntarily as participants of this research.
In the IBS group, the mean trait anxiety scores (p=0.015), state anxiety scores (p=0.029), Beck anxiety scores (p=0.018), and the amount of propofol (p=0.024) used were significantly higher compared with the non-IBS group.
The mean of severity of general stress (both state and trait anxiety) was the same for participants in each trimester (p > .05).
It consists of 20 items to measure state anxiety, to which responses are given on a four-point scale ranging from 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much so) and 20 items assessing trait anxiety, to which responses are given on a four-point scale ranging from 0 (almost never) to 3 (almost always).
Although anxiety may refer to different concepts (17), in this study the term 'anxiety disorder' is used when a clinical interview against specific criteria was applied; 'state anxiety' or 'level of anxiety symptoms' is used when anxiety as a transitory emotion and general state of nervousness, uneasiness and worry was assessed by self-report measures; finally, 'trait anxiety' refers to a disposition to perceive different situations as threatening and stressful and therefore to experience an increased level of state anxiety.
The state and trait anxiety was assessed by using "State and Trait Inventory-Y 1 and 2" (STAI-Y), which is a validated tool devised by Spielberger (1970).
Methods: A 40-item "State and Trait Anxiety Scale" was used together with the questionnaire on "Determining the Level of Anxiety Levels of Nursing Students Caring for the Patient at the Terminal Period" for determining the data.
In the data of this research, both Group I and II presented a high level of state and trait anxiety. Several studies report anxiety as a possible etiology for the development of TMD, acting as an important collaborator for the installation and maintenance of this dysfunction [4-6,8,9,13-15].
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) [17] was administered to measure state and trait anxiety. STAI is a 40-item self-report questionnaire rated on a four-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (not at all) to 4 (very much so).