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TRANSLATION. The copy made in one language of what has been written, or spoken in another.
     2. In pleading, when a libel or an agreement, written in a foreign language, must be averred, it is necessary that a translation of it should also be given.
     3. In evidence, when a witness is unable to speak the English language so as to convey his ideas, a translation of his testimony must be made. In that case, an interpreter should be sworn to translate to him, on oath, the questions propounded to him, and to translate to the court and jury his answers. 4 Mass. 81; 5 Mass. 219; 2 Caines' Rep. 155; Louis. Code of Pr. 784, 5.
     4. It has been determined that a copyright may exist in a translation, as a literary work. 3 Ves. & Bea. 77; 2 Meriv. 441, n.
     5. In the ecclesiastical law, translation denotes the removal from one place to another.; as, the bishop was translated from the diocese of A, to that of B. In the civil law, translation signifies the transfer of property. Clef des Lois Rom. h.t.
     6. Swinburne applies the term translation to the bestowing of a legacy which had been given to one, on another; this is a species of ademption, (q.v.) but it differs from it in this, that there may be an ademption without a translation, but there can be no translation without an ademption. Bac. Ab. Legacies, C.
     7. By translation is also meant the transfer of property, but in this sense it is seldom used. 2 Bl. Com. 294. Vide Interpreter.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Do you find poetry more difficult to translate or prose, from the point of view of form, syntax, etc?
In the same manner like Google translate, translates texts into different languages.
"Since launching one year ago, our team has cultivated one of the most experienced and diverse pool of professional translators," said's CEO, Anthos Chrysanthou.
Google Translate, developed by a team headed by research scientist Franz Josef Och, went live on the web in 2006.
"If you are looking at a restaurant menu, it's nice to see which thing on the menu you are looking at so you can point at it when you order," Good said as he used his iPhone to scan and translate an Italian pasta recipe.
( has made a very interesting hands-on test on Google's updated Translate app for Android.
The Linkine will perform short translations of up to 30 words and proofread up to 75 words in Welsh as well as translate menus on an ongoing basis.
You can copy and paste selected text to be translated or translate an entire Web page by typing in its location.
Interestingly, if you translate =93genealogy=94 into Hebrew, the result is =93yichus=94 which more accurately means =93pedigree.=94 Hebrew is a langua= ge that is written without showing vowels, creating numerous ambiguities that are usually resolved contextually.
Following the narrative of his experience, one is struck by the fortuitous turns in the life of the boy he was in an English public school who abandoned the study of Greek and Latin--to study Arabic in Cairo, then London and Cambridge--and who eventually became "the leading Arabic-English translator of our time," as Edward Said described him, and the one who "has done more than anybody to translate modern Arabic fiction into English and promote it," as Naguib Mahfouz affirmed.
Butler continues: "Cultural criticism [can] create a sense of the public in which oppositional voices are not feared, degraded or dismissed, but valued for the instigation to a sensate democracy they occasionally perform." (8) I'd translate sensate democracy theologically into an incarnational ecology, a genesis collective in which can thrive a political body of permeable becoming.