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TRANSLATION. The copy made in one language of what has been written, or spoken in another.
     2. In pleading, when a libel or an agreement, written in a foreign language, must be averred, it is necessary that a translation of it should also be given.
     3. In evidence, when a witness is unable to speak the English language so as to convey his ideas, a translation of his testimony must be made. In that case, an interpreter should be sworn to translate to him, on oath, the questions propounded to him, and to translate to the court and jury his answers. 4 Mass. 81; 5 Mass. 219; 2 Caines' Rep. 155; Louis. Code of Pr. 784, 5.
     4. It has been determined that a copyright may exist in a translation, as a literary work. 3 Ves. & Bea. 77; 2 Meriv. 441, n.
     5. In the ecclesiastical law, translation denotes the removal from one place to another.; as, the bishop was translated from the diocese of A, to that of B. In the civil law, translation signifies the transfer of property. Clef des Lois Rom. h.t.
     6. Swinburne applies the term translation to the bestowing of a legacy which had been given to one, on another; this is a species of ademption, (q.v.) but it differs from it in this, that there may be an ademption without a translation, but there can be no translation without an ademption. Bac. Ab. Legacies, C.
     7. By translation is also meant the transfer of property, but in this sense it is seldom used. 2 Bl. Com. 294. Vide Interpreter.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bioengineering & Translational Medicine welcomes manuscripts that provide new insights into translational hurdles, as well as examples of technologies that have demonstrated progress toward clinical or commercial translation.
Critics of the NIH's emphasis on translational medicine say it diminishes basic science, the search for understanding that leads in interesting directions, such as the development of the antibiotic penicillin.
Applied and Translational Genomics has a broad scope and provides a home for high quality research in the areas that sometimes get caught in between basic research and clinical trials.
who leads the institute as principal investigator of the NTH Clinical and Translational Science Award.
It is precisely these problems that translational research is intended to address, and this is where the BCTR will make unique contributions.
In 2006, the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry was granted one of the first National Institutes of Health's Clinical and Translational Science Awards for clinical and translational research that is aimed at improving the way biomedical research is conducted across the country.
Springer and the International Society for Cardiovascular Translational Research (La Jolla, CA) have begun the publication of the "Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research," a new quarterly title that carries information on developments in the area "between biomedical research and clinical medicine, with an issue in March.
The part of this definition that applies to the concept of translational biomedicine is the idea of different languages.
Translational medicine is a new field that integrates the study of the elements of disease with the development of novel therapies and diagnostics.
The SNBL subsidiaries specialize in nasal drug delivery: Translational Research has expertise in drug delivery technologies designed for insulin, morphine and antiemetics, while Bioactis has developed Fit-lizer, a proprietary medical device for delivering agents to the nose.
Government: The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) have announced Request for Applications (RFAs) for its new Institutional Clinical and Translational Science Awards program.
The article comprises a primary target zone, a support member, an absorbent core and a translational operative member that is juxtaposed on the support member.

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