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TRANSLATION. The copy made in one language of what has been written, or spoken in another.
     2. In pleading, when a libel or an agreement, written in a foreign language, must be averred, it is necessary that a translation of it should also be given.
     3. In evidence, when a witness is unable to speak the English language so as to convey his ideas, a translation of his testimony must be made. In that case, an interpreter should be sworn to translate to him, on oath, the questions propounded to him, and to translate to the court and jury his answers. 4 Mass. 81; 5 Mass. 219; 2 Caines' Rep. 155; Louis. Code of Pr. 784, 5.
     4. It has been determined that a copyright may exist in a translation, as a literary work. 3 Ves. & Bea. 77; 2 Meriv. 441, n.
     5. In the ecclesiastical law, translation denotes the removal from one place to another.; as, the bishop was translated from the diocese of A, to that of B. In the civil law, translation signifies the transfer of property. Clef des Lois Rom. h.t.
     6. Swinburne applies the term translation to the bestowing of a legacy which had been given to one, on another; this is a species of ademption, (q.v.) but it differs from it in this, that there may be an ademption without a translation, but there can be no translation without an ademption. Bac. Ab. Legacies, C.
     7. By translation is also meant the transfer of property, but in this sense it is seldom used. 2 Bl. Com. 294. Vide Interpreter.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
It enables research teams, including scientists, patient advocacy organizations and community members, to tackle system-wide scientific and operational problems in clinical and translational research that no one team can overcome.
Expanding the concept of translational research: making a place for environmental health sciences.
ITMC-2018 is organizing an outstanding Scientific Exhibition/Program and anticipates the world's leading specialists involved in Translational and Regenerative Medicine and Research.
The analysis of the typology of translational research (T types) presented in these papers was performed with a bottom-up procedure, starting from major concepts similar to the T1/T2 distinction used in medicine, and adding or dividing such categories when new stances emerged.
Balls-Berry, PhD, MPE, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology and Program Manager, Center for Clinical and Translational Science Office for Community Engagement in Research, Mayo Clinic, United States of America;
Following North America, Asia pacific is the second largest market for translational regenerative medicines and anticipated to witness healthy CAGR of XX% over the forecast period.
This brief introduction to translational research may give a rather erroneous impression that translational research is mainly for developed countries, where high technology laboratories carry out research in drug and vaccine discovery, which is then translated to patients.
As announced in August 2015, both universities have each pledged $250,000 annually for a three-year combined effort of $1.5 million to support innovative clinical projects and/or translational research that will ultimately help faculty members at both schools better serve West Virginians and attract future external funding.
Key words: Alcohol use disorder; alcohol research; translational research; treatment research; basic science; clinical science; applied science; systems biology; genetic factors
GENOME-WIDE ANALYSIS OF TRANSLATIONAL REGULATION OF PATHOGEN-MEDIATED CELLULAR STRESS SIGNALING IN ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA "XIAOYU LIU", J LUCAS BOATWRIGHT, KRISTIN S ROCKETT, KAROLINA M MUKHTAR DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM, BIRMINGHAM, AL 35205.
Translational research is viewed as a solution to the disparity between evidence-based medicine [2,3] in the growing field of basic biomedical research and its application in creating sustainable health solutions ('from bench to bedside').

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