Translation

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TRANSLATION. The copy made in one language of what has been written, or spoken in another.
     2. In pleading, when a libel or an agreement, written in a foreign language, must be averred, it is necessary that a translation of it should also be given.
     3. In evidence, when a witness is unable to speak the English language so as to convey his ideas, a translation of his testimony must be made. In that case, an interpreter should be sworn to translate to him, on oath, the questions propounded to him, and to translate to the court and jury his answers. 4 Mass. 81; 5 Mass. 219; 2 Caines' Rep. 155; Louis. Code of Pr. 784, 5.
     4. It has been determined that a copyright may exist in a translation, as a literary work. 3 Ves. & Bea. 77; 2 Meriv. 441, n.
     5. In the ecclesiastical law, translation denotes the removal from one place to another.; as, the bishop was translated from the diocese of A, to that of B. In the civil law, translation signifies the transfer of property. Clef des Lois Rom. h.t.
     6. Swinburne applies the term translation to the bestowing of a legacy which had been given to one, on another; this is a species of ademption, (q.v.) but it differs from it in this, that there may be an ademption without a translation, but there can be no translation without an ademption. Bac. Ab. Legacies, C.
     7. By translation is also meant the transfer of property, but in this sense it is seldom used. 2 Bl. Com. 294. Vide Interpreter.

References in periodicals archive ?
The mRNA of the translationally controlled tumor protein P23/TCTP is a highly structured RNA, which activates the dsRNA-dependent protein kinase PKR.
The growth-related, translationally controlled protein P23 has properties of a tubulin binding protein and associates transiently with microtubules during the cell cycle.
Translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) is a multifunctional protein that is involved in immune responses, cell proliferation, cancer progression, and apoptosis [33].
In human cells, it is reported that Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) directly binds to and translationally activate the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of G3BP1 mRNAs, thereby controlling the availability of the G3BP1 SG-nucleator for SG assembly.
As is well known, the enforcing, in the Fourier spectral domain, of an impedance boundary condition as (2), which is valid for thin screen and describes the relation between the tangential component of the average electric field [[??].sub.t]([k.sub.t]) and the average surface electric current [[??].sub.S]([k.sub.t]), requires a translationally invariant structure.
Translationally It has been implicated in important cellular controlled tumor processes, such as cell growth, cell cycle protein progression, and malignant transformation and in the protection of cells against various stress conditions and apoptosis.
Both such methods typically involve translationally moving a magnetic source rapidly over a conductive surface.
The hyperphosphorylation of 4EBP dramatically reduces its affinity for eIF4E and thereby promotes its association with eIF4G to form the translationally competent eIF4F complex, which recruits the 43S preinitiation complex to the mRNA.
Among bZIP type transcription factors in Arabidopsis, heterodimer bZIP transcription factors, bZIP1 and bZIP53, appeared to be activated, transcriptionally and translationally, in response to low energy stress.
In mice artemisinin resistance has been associated with diminished drug uptake and the over expression of a potential target protein, the translationally controlled tumour protein (59).
The research findings can be found in the 1st March issue of Genes and Development under the title, "AMD1 is essential for ESC self-renewal and is translationally down-regulated on differentiation to neural precursor cells" by Dawei Zhang (1,4), Tianyun Zhao (1,4), Haw Siang Ang (2), Peini Chong (1), Ryotaro Saiki (3), Kazuei Igarashi (3), Henry Yang (2), and Leah A.

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