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TRANSLATION. The copy made in one language of what has been written, or spoken in another.
     2. In pleading, when a libel or an agreement, written in a foreign language, must be averred, it is necessary that a translation of it should also be given.
     3. In evidence, when a witness is unable to speak the English language so as to convey his ideas, a translation of his testimony must be made. In that case, an interpreter should be sworn to translate to him, on oath, the questions propounded to him, and to translate to the court and jury his answers. 4 Mass. 81; 5 Mass. 219; 2 Caines' Rep. 155; Louis. Code of Pr. 784, 5.
     4. It has been determined that a copyright may exist in a translation, as a literary work. 3 Ves. & Bea. 77; 2 Meriv. 441, n.
     5. In the ecclesiastical law, translation denotes the removal from one place to another.; as, the bishop was translated from the diocese of A, to that of B. In the civil law, translation signifies the transfer of property. Clef des Lois Rom. h.t.
     6. Swinburne applies the term translation to the bestowing of a legacy which had been given to one, on another; this is a species of ademption, (q.v.) but it differs from it in this, that there may be an ademption without a translation, but there can be no translation without an ademption. Bac. Ab. Legacies, C.
     7. By translation is also meant the transfer of property, but in this sense it is seldom used. 2 Bl. Com. 294. Vide Interpreter.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scherf, "Translatory MEMS actuators for optical path length modulation in miniaturized Fourier-transform infrared spectrometers," Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS, vol.
A more optimistic reading, however, will permit us to continue to examine how this banishment of the feminine to the space-in-between--this intercessory, translatory capacity that Sumarokov's Ofeliia suggests and Viskovatov's Ofeliia profoundly makes manifest--reflects the acts of translation and transplantation that the early Gamlet plays themselves engage in.
The action line of the infraspinatus and teres minor in combination with the subscapularis result in an inferior translatory pull on the head of the humerus to counteract the superior translatory pull of the deltoid and supraspinatus (29).
However, Christianity is a translatory and migratory faith.
The relation of the translatory agonistic tooth movement and changes in tooth inclination may be assessed after the performed extraction of the first permanent molars since the consequences of extraction depend on the individual biological reaction of the tissue and present an individual reaction to the conditions governing this stadium of development [6].
Also included in this section of the exhibition was Joyce's Garden, 1976-77, the architect's attempt to translate the literary construction of Finnegans Wake into a spatial organization through a series of translatory drawings.
A microfluid possesses three gyration vector fields in addition to its classical translatory degrees of freedom.
where [[phi].sub.vj] -(u) is the vehicle mode shapes; the subscript v denotes vehicle; [[eta].sub.j]) is the time dependent generalized coordinate; j is the mode number; j = -1,0 are taken to denote rigid body translatory and pitching mode; j = 1,2,3, ...
Ramsden [15] considered translatory wave impacts on vertical wall rather than breaking waves.
According to Som et al., the peak observed at 114 [cm.sup.-1] may be assigned to K-P[O.sub.4] translatory vibrations [22].
A foreword describes his contributions as "scholar, teacher, friend," philologist, editor, and translatory. A listing of his publications is followed by 30 contributions from medievalists working in some of the realms of Kibler's interests.
The laws by which the states ofphysical systems undergo change are not affected, whether these changes of state be referred to the one or the other oftwo systems of co-ordinates in uniform translatory motion.